Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill 2016 Passes by Parliament (Download PDF)

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The government has passed a total of 119 amendments to the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014. India became a participant of United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities in year 2007. The Bill will replace the existing PwD Act, 1995, which was enacted 21 years back.

Persons with Disabilities Bill - 2016

Persons with Disabilities Bill - 2016

Persons with Disabilities Bill - 2016

Definition of Disability

Definition of Disability

Definition of Disability

Salient features of the Bill

  • Disability has been defined based on an evolving and dynamic concept.
  • Speech and Language Disability and Specific Learning Disability have been added for the first time.
  • Acid Attack Victims have been included. Dwarfism, muscular dystrophy have has been indicated as separate class of specified disability.
  • The New categories of disabilities also included three blood disorders, Thalassemia, Hemophilia and Sickle Cell disease.
  • Government has been authorized to notify any other category of specified disability, additionally.
  • Governments to take effective measures to ensure that the persons with disabilities enjoy their rights equally with others.
  • Following have been provided for persons with benchmark disabilities

    • Reservation in Higher Education,
    • Government Jobs,
    • Reservation in allocation of land,
    • Poverty alleviation schemes etc.
  • Every child with benchmark disability between the age group of 6 and 18 years shall have the right to free education.
  • Funded educational institutions as well as the government recognized institutions which will provide inclusive education to the children with disabilities.
  • Reservation in vacancies in government establishments has been increased from 3 % to 4 % for certain persons or class of persons with benchmark disability.
  • Bill provides for grant of guardianship by District Court under which there will be joint decision - making between the guardian and the persons with disabilities.
  • Broad based Central & State Advisory Boards on Disability are to be set up to serve as apex policy making bodies at the Central and State level.
  • The Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities and the State Commissioners will act as regulatory bodies and Grievance Redressal agencies and also monitor implementation of the Act.
  • District level committees will be constituted by the State Governments to address local concerns of PwDs. Details of their constitution and the functions of such committees would be prescribed by the State Governments in the rules.
  • National and State Fund will be created to provide financial support to the persons with disabilities. The existing National Fund for Persons with Disabilities.
  • The Trust Fund for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities will be subsumed with the National Fund.
  • The Bill provides for penalties for offences committed against persons with disabilities and also violation of the provisions of the new law.
  • Special Courts will be designated in each district to handle cases concerning violation of rights of PwDs.
  • The Act, assaulting, insulting, intimidating, denying food to a person with disability or sexually exploiting a disabled woman and performing a medical procedure on such women without consent, which may lead in termination of pregnancy, will draw a jail term up to five years.
 Disabilities Listed

Disabilities Listed

Disabilities Listed

21 Disabilities are as below

  • Blindness
  • Low-vision
  • Leprosy Cured persons
  • Hearing Impairment (deaf and hard of hearing)
  • Locomotors Disability
  • Dwarfism
  • Intellectual Disability
  • Mental Illness
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Chronic Neurological conditions
  • Specific Learning Disabilities
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Speech and Language disability
  • Thalassemia
  • Hemophilia
  • Sickle Cell disease
  • Multiple Disabilities including deaf blindness
  • Acid Attack victim
  • Parkinson’s disease

- Published/Last Modified on: August 12, 2017

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