SAFAR (System of Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research) (Download PDF)

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System of Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR) has been developed by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorological (IITM) Pune, Maharashtra and is operationalized by IMD. It is India՚s first air quality early warning system launched in Delhi in 2010 during Commonwealth Games. Based on the air quality index on particular day, health advisory and related precaution will be taken by the citizens in advance. It can monitor all weather parameters like temperature, humidity, wind speed, rainfall and wind direction. It also measures Sun՚s UV index (UVI) .

Metropolitan Quality and Weather Forecasting Services

SAFAR System Features & Significance

  • It measures pollutants like PM 2.5, PM 10, Sulphur Dioxide, Ozone, Nitrogen oxides, Carbon Monoxide.
  • It provides measurements of online automatic ultra-fine particles PM1, Black carbon and mercury which have direct impact on human health.
  • It also monitors existence of harmful pollutants of Benzene, Toluene and Xylene.
  • It has LED display which produces real time air quality index on 24 × 7 basis with colour coding and 72 hours advanced forecasting.
  • It provides current and advanced forecasting for Air quality and will enable the citizens to check the air quality in their particular city in real time and they can take precautionary measures.
  • The vulnerable section to the pollution like Old and children can take care to reduce the risk of health issues by the air pollution.
  • Colour coded system also available in the application through which they can be identified about the air quality of air that they breathe.

Benefits of SAFAR

  • It provides weather forecasting of 72 hours in advance along with cost savings in several sectors like agriculture, aviation, infrastructure, disaster management, tourism and many other which directly or indirectly get affected by air quality and weather.
  • People get aware and can take precautions and preparedness on pollution and weather extremes.
  • Based on the levels of UVI, the skin advisories will be issued about precautions and preparedness as these Sun՚s UV rays leads to skin cancer.
  • The National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) under the Union environment ministry aims to improve quality monitoring in India by increasing number of pollution monitoring stations and pollution forecasting systems.
  • SAFAR is being implemented in four cities of India namely Delhi, Pune, Mumbai and Ahmedabad.


Indian Metro Air Quality Service
  • SAFAR-Air is India՚s first mobile application designed to check the quality of air.
  • It was launched on 17 February 2015 at the IITM, Pune (Maharashtra) by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) to provide real time air quality information.
  • It is jointly run by the IITM and IMD. The forecasting model is running on a super computer in IITM called Aditya.
  • Users can share their information from app on Facebook, twitter and emails.
  • This application is used for the awareness of the hazards of air pollution and also helps the policy makers to make strict policies so as to reduce the air pollution.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 28, 2019

Govt. Schemes/Projects

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