SATH: Case Study of Competitive,Cooperative Federalism-NITI Aayog Selects 6 States (Download PDF)

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Pushing competitive, cooperative federalism, NITI Aayog has collaborated with Uttar Pradesh, Assam, and Karnataka to radically transform Health specifically improving healthcare delivery and key outcomes.

Table Contain Shows the Cooperative and Competitive
Cooperative Competitive
Tax-sharingExclusive taxation
Definition of tax base per level of governmentCompetition for tax base
Definition of competenciesCommon competencies
Compulsory transferenciesVoluntary transferences
Free transferenciesEarn market transferencies
Compensatory transferencies to governmentsTransferences to individuals

In Education, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Jharkhand have been selected to produce bettwe learning outcomes. The six States have been chosen after a rigorous competitive process based on comprehensive metrics for impact and likelihood of success.

What is Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital (SATH) ?

SATH aims to identify and build three future ‘role model’ states for health and educational systems. NITI to work in collaboration with states to design a robust roadmap of intervention, develop a program governance structure, set up monitoring and tracking mechanisms, handhold state institutions through the execution stage, and provide support on a range of institutional measures to achieve the end objectives. Program to be implemented by NITI with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium selected through a competitive bidding process.

  • SATH is a challenging and ambitious initiative possible as the baseline of various indicators and parameters of education and health already in public domain.
  • Defines a new dimension for cooperative federalism, where NITI Aayog and its knowledge partner actively aid implementation of their recommendations, in addition to just providing policy inputs.
  • Stakeholders constantly under pressure to initiate reforms.

Fostering Competitive, Cooperative Federalism

  • NITI Aayog has been working to foster co-operative federalism by ranking states through health, water, education, and agricultural indices. However
  • SATH launched goes beyond ranking states- supports improving their social sector indicators.

Details of Process for Competitive, Cooperative Federalism

  • States called to express intent of collaborating with NITI Aayog to better their Health and Education indices.
  • States made presentations for each sector assessed by a committee of senior members of NITI Aayog and Health and Education ministries.
  • States highlighted initiatives thus far, their willingness to accelerate improvement and justified why they should be selected for the institutional support being offered by NITI Aayog.
  • Chosen States are committed to time-bound, governance reforms in both sectors.
  • Program Management Unit pushing for efficiency and efficacy in governance structures and service delivery available to six chosen States for a period of 30 months.
  • 3 years focused attention and support will lead to a transformation and provide model for other States.
  • Three-way partnership between NITI, State Governments, and a knowledge partner is part of the Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital (SATH) initiative of NITI Aayog.
  • Metrics such as MMR, IMR, incidence of malaria and others will determine impact while density of doctors and nurses, compliance to IPHS norms were used to determine likelihood of success

- Published/Last Modified on: September 1, 2017


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