Sach-Gaurav: India’S First Cloned Assamese Buffalo Created by Central Institute (Download PDF)


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The Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes (CIRB) has claimed that India’s first cloned Assamese buffalo male calf named Sach-Gaurav was born in in Hisar, Haryana. It was born to Murrah buffalo, at Hi Tech Sach Dairy Farm, 100 kms from cloning laboratory, making it first buffalo calf to be born in field.

Map of Sach-Gaurav born location - Hisar

Map of Sach-Gaurav Born Location - Hisar

Map of Sach-Gaurav born location - Hisar

  • Animal cloning is an excellent reproductive tool for conservation and multiplication of selected superior animals of buffalo breeds.

The Calf- Sach Gaurav

  • This is second cloned male buffalo produced by ICAR-CIRB after Hisar-Gaurav, born in December 2015.
  • The Sach-Gaurav calf was produced by unique methods and was delivered through normal delivery.
  • The birth weight of calf was 54.2 kgs and it was in good health. It had normal physiological parameters and blood profile. The genotype of calf was confirmed by microsatellite analysis (parentage verification) and chromosome analysis.

Technique for Cloning

  • The small tissue of Assamese buffalo was airlifted from Veterinary College, Khannapara, Guwhati, 2000 km away from cloning laboratory in Hisar.

  • The tissues were then cultured to establish donor cells.

  • Its embryos were transported for about two hours before being transferred into recipient mothers.

  • The ovaries of Murrah buffaloes were used as source of recipient oocytes.

The Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes (CIRB)

  • Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Hisar is a publicly funded, institute for water buffalo research.

  • CIRB operates a nationwide network of 10 research centres working on breed improvement of the 7 main native breeds.

  • CIRB, with over 20 laboratories for buffalo research, is the world’s largest buffalo research institute with the widest range of breeds under study.

Achievements of Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes (CIRB)

  • To part of improving breeds and disseminate information, CIRB has sold over 1,000 bulls, conducted ~200,000 artificial insemination in the field for the farmers’ buffaloes

  • It created the world’s first online Buffalopedia in several languages.

  • It has a large research partner network across India and the globe.

  • It is the second institute to successfully clone a buffalo in 2016, after the first successful cloning was achieved by the National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal in 2010.

  • In July 2017, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research ranked CIRB Hisar as India’s number one Buffalo research institute for the year 2016 - 17.

- Published/Last Modified on: June 29, 2018


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