Sambhar Lake (Download PDF)


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Sambhar Lake is India’s biggest inland salt water lake and UNESCO world heritage site located at Jaipur district in Rajasthan. It is protected under the Ramsar Convention which has a global recognition to conserve wetlands. It is host to lots of migratory birds mainly Flamingo’s. Sambhar Lake is second largest breeding ground for Flamingos in India.


  • Sambhar Lake spreads over 230km.

  • Most of the birds which have died are the migratory birds.

  • The bird species include Flamingos, Ruddy Shelduck, black-winged stilt, Ruddy rurnstone, Northern shoveler and common coot.

  • Over 1500 bird species found died at the India’s biggest salt water lake “Sambhar” Salt Lake named Ratan Talab.

  • This could be a cause of poisoning of water/contamination of water or could be any avian disease.

Ramsar Convention

Ramsar Convention

Ramsar Convention

Ramsar Convention

  • An international Treaty was signed in 1971 for global conservation and sustainable use of wetlands among 170 countries.

  • The convention held in the city called Ramsar in the Iran.

  • 2nd February is a world wetlands day.

  • Maximum number of wetlands is present in the Europe.

  • On October 1981, India became a member of Ramsar convention, Chilika Lake in Odisha and Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan became first two sides under the convention.


  • Wetlands found in low lying areas are in the form of coastal and inland, swamp & marshes, mangroves, flood Plains, and deltas.

  • Wetland is a place covered by water throughout the year is a intersection point between the Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem.

  • It is a home to aquatic plants mammals fishes insects etc. wetlands are freshwater, saltwater and brackish (both salt and fresh).

  • Wetland supports wide diversity of life these are important to many animals and plants.

  • It reduces floods, soil erosion and helps in increasing soil fertility.

How Wetlands Work

How Wetlands Work

How Wetlands Work

- Published/Last Modified on: December 10, 2019

Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth

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