Schemes Taken by Government for Conservation and Promotion of Medicinal Plants (Download PDF)

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As per information of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI), an organization under Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change estimated more than 8,000 species of medicinal plants are found in India.

Image of The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB)

Image of the National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB)

Image of The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB)

The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB), Ministry of AYUSH is presently implementing following schemes to encourage farming/cultivation, conservation, processing and promotion of medicinal plants throughout the country:

AYUSH Mission (NAM)

Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM). Under ‘Medicinal Plants’ component of the NAM scheme the large scale farming/cultivation of medicinal plants is being supported. As per the scheme guidelines, the support is provided for:

  • Cultivation of prioritized medicinal plants on farmer’s land.

  • Establishment of nurseries for supply of quality planting material.

  • Post-harvest management.

  • Primary processing, marketing infrastructure etc.

For cultivation, the support is provided as subsidy to farmers@30%, 50 % and 75 % based on cost of cultivation.

Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants

Central Sector Scheme on “Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants”. Under the scheme, the project based support is provided for following activities:

  • In-situ conservation through development of Medicinal Plants Conservation and Development Areas (MPCDAs).

  • In-situ/Ex-situ resource augmentation.

  • Ex-situ conservation through establishment of herbal gardens.

  • Livelihood linkages with Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) / Panchayats/Van Panchayats/Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) / Self Help Groups (SHGs).

  • IEC activities like Training/workshops/Seminars/Conferences etc.

  • Research & Development.

  • Promotion of marketing and trade of medicinal plants produce.

Voluntary Certification Scheme for Medicinal Plants Produce (VCSMPP)

Voluntary Certification Scheme for Medicinal Plants Produce (VCSMPP). The scheme is aimed to encourage Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) and Good Field Collection Practices (GFCPs) in medicinal plants and enhance quality and safety of their produce.

National Medicinal Plants Board

  • India is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity, has 15 agro-climatic zones. Out of the 17000 - 18000 species of flowering plants, more than 7000 are estimated to have medicinal usage in folk and documented systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha & Homoeopathy (AYUSH System of Medicine).

  • Medicinal plants are not only a major resource base for the traditional medicine & herbal industry but also provide livelihood and health security to a large segment of Indian population.

  • About 1178 species of medicinal plants are estimated to be in trade of which 242 species have annual consumption levels in excess of 100 metric tons/year.

  • The domestic demand of medicinal plants has been estimated 1,95,000 MT for the year of 2014 - 2015 and export demand of medicinal plants has been estimated 1,34,500 MT during 2014 - 2015.

  • Total consumption of herbal raw drug in the country for the year 2014 - 15 has been estimated at 5,12,000 MT with corresponding trade value of Rs. 5,500 Crore.

  • The major increase has been recorded in export value which has increased from Rs. 345.80 Crore in 2005 - 06 to Rs. 3211 Crore in 2014 - 15, registering a nine fold increase in during last decade.

Botanical Survey of India (BSI)

The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) is the apex research organization under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India for carrying out taxonomic and floristic studies on wild plant resources of the country. It was established on 13th February, 1890 with the basic objective to explore the plant resources of the country and to identify the plants species with economic virtues. The Botanical Survey of India has the nine regional circles situated at different regions of the country. The following are the activities being carried out by the BSI:

Primary Functions

  • Exploration, inventorying and documentation of phytodiversity in general and protected areas, hotspots and fragile ecosystems in particular; publication of National, State and District Floras.

  • Identification of threatened/red list species and species rich areas needing conservation; ex-situ conservation of critically threatened species in botanical gardens.

  • Survey and documentation of traditional knowledge (ethno-botany) associated with plants.

  • Develop a National database of Indian plants, including herbarium and live specimens, botanical paintings/illustrations, etc.

Secondary Functions

  • Revisionary/Monographic studies on selected plant groups.

  • Qualitative analysis of nutritive value of ethno-food plants and other economically useful species.

  • Capacity building in plant taxonomy through refresher courses and post M. Sc. certificate course.

  • Environment Impact Assessment of areas assigned by the ministry.

  • Develop and maintain Botanical Gardens, Museums and Herbaria.

  • Preparation of Seed, Pollen and Spore Atlas of Indian Plants.

- Published/Last Modified on: April 2, 2019

Health, Environment/Ecology, Govt. Schemes/Projects

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