Schemes for Conservation of Medicinal Plants (Policy)- 53 Medicinal Plant Species Threatened (Download PDF)

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Survey by Botanical Survey of India (BSI) found out that of 8,000 medicinal plants, 53 species are threatened. National Medicinal Plants Board has been taking various steps to protect the threatened species.

Medicinal Plants

Central Sector Scheme for Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants

  • NMPB implementing Central Sector Scheme for Conservation, Development, and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants.
  • Provides project based support for survey, inventory, in-situ conservation through development of Medicinal Plants Conservation and Development Areas (MPCDAs)
  • Ex-situ conservation through establishment of herbal gardens, linkage with Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) , Panchayats, Biodiversity Management Committee (BMC)
  • Promotes value addition activities like drying, grading, storage, processing, research, & development by conserving medicinal plants.
  • Focuses on conservation and development of threatened category of medicinal plants.

Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUsH Mission (NAM)

  • Promotes cultivation of natural herbs and medicinal plants
  • Component on ‘Medicinal Plants’ supports cultivation of natural herbs and medicinal plants on agricultural land
  • Backward linkages of nurseries supply quality planting material
  • Forward linkages provide post-harvest management.
  • Implemented through the implementing agency of concerned state
  • Financial assistance provided in State Annual Action Plan in the form of subsidy of 30 % , 50 % and 75 % of cost of cultivation
    • 75 % subsidy for cultivation of medicinal plants, which are highly endangered.
    • 50 % subsidy for cultivation of medicinal plants where sources of supply are critically declining.
    • 30 % subsidy for cultivation of other medicinal plants species, which need support.

What is National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) ?

  • Established by Government of India to coordinate all matters relating to Medicinal Plants
  • Support Policies and Programs for growth of trade, export, conservation, and cultivation
  • Works under Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, & Homeopathy (AYUSH)
  • Focusses on in-situ & ex-situ conservation and augmenting local medicinal plants and aromatic species of medical significance.
  • Promotes research & development, capacity building through trainings, raising awareness through promotional activities.
  • Seek to support programs for quality assurance and standardization through development of Good Agricultural and Collection Practices (GACPs)
  • Develops monographs laying down standards of quality, safety and efficacy
  • Promotes development of agro - techniques.

- Published/Last Modified on: August 28, 2017

Policy/Governance

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