Schemes for Fixing Quality and Dropout Rates in Schools (Important) (Download PDF)

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The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for universalization of elementary education for Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 that entitles all children between the age group of 6 to 14 years free and compulsory admission, attendance and completion of elementary education. Following are some important components:

Fixing Quality and Dropout Rates in Schools

Fixing Quality and Dropout Rates in Schools

Fixing Quality and Dropout Rates in Schools

  • 2.06 lakh primary schools have been sanctioned under SSA.
  • Section 4 RTE Act, 2009 provides special training for out of schoolchildren who have missed academic years so that they can be mainstreamed in formal schools.


  • As per Unified District Information System, average annual dropout rate at primary level is 4.13 % in 2014 - 15 from 4.34 % in 2013 - 14. Steps taken to reduce the dropout rate include:
  • Strengthening of school infrastructure and facilities
  • Residential hostel buildings for children not covered by regular schools
  • Provisioning for additional teachers
  • Regular training of teachers
  • Free textbooks and uniforms.
  • The Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme provides residential upper primary schools for girls from Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, Other Backward Class, and Minority communities.
  • The Mid Day Meal Scheme enhances enrolment and retention of children in schools.

Quality of Education

  • Learning Outcomes for each class in Languages (Hindi, English, and Urdu), Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Science, and Social Science finalized until elementary level.
  • SSA supports interventions to improve teaching standards through:

    • Regular in-service teachers’ training
    • Recruitment of teachers for improving pupil-teacher ratio
    • Academic support for teachers through block and cluster resource centers
    • School grants for development of appropriate teaching-learning materials
  • Central Government conducted two studies of teachers’ attendance in 2006 and 2013- overall attendance improved from 81.7 % to 84.3 % at primary level and from 80.5 % to 81.3 % at upper primary level. Steps to improve teachers’ attendance include:

    • Monitoring teachers’ attendance through School Management Committee
    • Biometric attendance on pilot basis.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2017


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