Schemes for Inclusive Education for Disabled (Important) (Download PDF)


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Department of School Education & Literacy is implementing the Centrally Sponsored Schemes whereby provision is made for inclusive education of children with special needs (CWSN). These schemes include: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) at elementary level, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) at secondary level.

Below article discusses how various government arms are working towards educating the disabled.

Image of disabled in India info graphic

Image of Disabled in India Info Graphic

Image of disabled in India info graphic

What is SSA?

  • The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is the main programme for universalizing elementary education for all children between 6 - 14 years of age.

What Are the Goals of SSA?

  • Its overall goals include universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social category gaps in education and enhancement of learning levels of children.

  • It focuses on providing inclusive education to CWSN, wherein children with and without disabilities participate and learn together in the same class.

What Are the Interventions for CWSN?

  • The major interventions for the education of CWSN are

    • identification

    • functional and formal assessment

    • appropriate educational placement

    • preparation of Individualized Education Plan

    • provision of free aids and appliances

    • transport and/or escort support

    • teacher training

    • appointment of resource teachers

    • therapeutic support

    • barrier free access

  • Under SSA, a series of five training modules has been developed in collaboration with the World Bank.

  • These modules prepare teachers to work with children of all disabilities including children with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Deafness, blindness, and hearing impairment in mainstream inclusive environments.

How Much Financial Aid Does SSA Provide?

  • SSA provides@Rs. 3000/- per child per annum, of which at least Rs. 1000/- per child can be earmarked for engaging resource teachers exclusively for CWSN.

  • SSA also has a provision of engagement of two resource persons per Block Resource Centre for CWSN.

What Did NCERT Do for CWSN?

  • The National Council of Educational Research & Training has developed exemplar material on curricular adaptations, inclusive teaching, and how to adopt flexibility in evaluation for children with disabilities in inclusive classrooms.

  • The exemplar material handbooks, meant for primary and upper primary level teachers, cover all disabilities, including cognitive and intellectual disabilities, and have been disseminated to all States and UTs.

Interventions for Disabled Secondary Level Students

  • At the secondary level, the Ministry is implementing the scheme of Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS) as part of RMSA (Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan).

  • The objective to provide all students with disabilities an opportunity to complete four years of secondary schooling (Class IX to XII) in an inclusive and enabling environment.

  • Under IEDSS component, central assistance is provided for student oriented assistance@3000/- per child per annum,

  • The other support given under IEDSS includes:

  • support for engagement of special teachers

  • equipping resource room

  • making school barrier free

  • orientation of parents, administrators, educationists etc

How is MHRD Helping the CWSN?

The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) had issued various instructions from time to time to all the Centrally Funded Educational Institution to ensure barrier free environment in the buildings, which would include:

  • provision of ramps, rails, and lifts

  • adaption of toilets for wheel chair users, braille signage, and auditory signals

  • tactile flooring etc.

How is UGC Helping the CWSN?

  • University Grants Commission (UGC) has also issued various instructions from time to time to the Universities regarding Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan).

  • It is a nationwide flagship campaign for achieving universal accessibility for PwDs.

  • It is also mandatory for All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) approved institutions to have barrier free structure to encourage persons with disabilities for technical education.

What Does RTE Act Say?

  • The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 provides that every school should have barrier-free access.

  • The Ministry of Human Resource Development has advised all States and UTs to achieve 100 % barrier free infrastructure and access for the benefit of children including CWSN by March, 2020.

What is Website Accessibility Project?

  • The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment launched Website Accessibility Project to make various State Governments/UTs websites accessible to persons with disabilities (Divyangjans) under Accessible India Campaign.

  • The project was initiated through ERNET India, an autonomous scientific society under Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY)

  • The project aims to make total 917 websites accessible by persons with disabilities.

  • The accessible websites are those into which Persons with Disabilities can perceive, understand, navigate and interact with web and contribute to the websites.

What is Accessible India Project?

  • Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan) is nationwide campaign.

  • It aims to make barrier free environment for persons with disabilities all over the country for safe, dignified life.

  • It aims to enable persons with disabilities to gain universal access, equal opportunity for development, independent living, and participation in an inclusive society in all aspects of life.

  • The campaign is implemented by Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.

  • It is in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) to which India is a signatory

- Published/Last Modified on: February 21, 2018

Govt. Schemes/Projects

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