Schemes for Welfare of Tribal Women (Important) (Download PDF)


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Policies of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs ensures the development of both Scheduled Tribe men and women. However, women suffer a greater disadvantage, thus special schemes meant for the benefit of ST women and girls are given below:

Image shows the structural Discrimination

Image Shows the Structural Discrimination

Image shows the structural Discrimination

  • Scheme of Girls & Boys Hostels for STs: Central assistance given to States for construction or extension of hostel buildings- 100 % central share for girls’ hostel and for boys’ hostel in naxal affected areas. Funding for other hostels is on 50: 50 basis.
  • Scheme of Ashram Schools in Tribal Areas: Provides residential schools for STs to increase the literacy rate. State Governments are eligible for 100 % central share for construction of girls’ Ashram Schools and boys’ Ashram Schools in naxal affected areas. Funding pattern for the other Schools is on 50: 50 basis.
  • Scheme for Strengthening Education among ST Girls in Low Literacy Districts: Scheme being implemented in 54 identified low literacy Districts where the ST population is 25 % or more, and ST female literacy rate is below 35%, or its fractions, as per 2001 census. Other tribal blocks fulfilling this criteria are also covered. Areas inhabited by Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) and naxalite affected areas are given priority. Scheme implemented through Voluntary Organizations (VOs), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and autonomous institutions of State Government. Scheme also provides 100 % assistance for running and maintenance of educational complexes for ST girls which include free education, boarding and lodging, books, uniforms, medical help, coaching, incentives to girls, awards, etc. Scheme converges Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidhyalaya
  • Scholarships: To maximize retention of ST students promoting higher learning, monetary incentives are provided by Ministry of Tribal Affairs in the form of scholarships such as Pre Matric Scholarship, Post Matric Scholarship, National Overseas Scholarship, Scholarship for Top Class Education and Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for ST students.
  • Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Scheme (SCA to TSS) (SCA to Tribal Sub Plan or TSP) : It is 100 % grant for providing support for education, health, sanitation, water supply, livelihood, skill development, minor infrastructure etc.
  • Grants under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution: It is 100 % grant for promoting the welfare of Scheduled Tribes in that State or raising the level of administration of Scheduled Areas. Funds are provided for various sectoral interventions.
  • Adivasi Mahila Sashaktikaran Yojana: National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC), under Ministry of Tribal Affairs provides loans to Scheduled Tribes women for income generation activity at concessional rate of 4 % per annum.
  • Various rural development programmes like, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana- Gramin (PMAY-G), Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) and National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) bring improvement to rural areas, including tribal women.
  • Government has been earmarking funds towards Scheduled Tribe Component (STC) under Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G) and Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM).
  • Under Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G) (erstwhile Indira Awaas Yojana), 60 % is allocated to SCs/STs. 5 % of the allocation to benefit Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights Act, 2006) known as FRA beneficiaries.
  • Following schemes by Ministry of Women and Child Development benefit all women, including ST women:

    • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
    • One Stop Centre Scheme
    • Women Helpline Scheme
    • UJJAWALA: A Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-integration of Victims of Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation
    • Working Women Hostel
    • Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme for the Children of Working Mothers.

Which Are Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)?

Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG) includes communities with particularly low development indices created based on the Dhebar Commission report, which satisfy one of the following requirements:

  • Practice of hunting and gathering
  • Zero or negative population growth
  • Extremely low level of literacy in comparison with other tribal groups

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups

  • In Fifth Five-year plan, 52 communities identified as “primitive tribal group”, based on recommendations made by the respective state governments.
  • In Sixth Five year plan 20 groups were added and 2 more in the Seventh Five year plan, one more group was added in the eighth five-year plan, making a total 75 groups in PTG.
  • The 75th group recognized was Maram in Manipur in 1993 - 94.
  • No new group was declared based on the 2001 census
  • Highest number of groups in Orrisa followed by Andhra Pradesh

- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2017


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