School Chalo Abhiyan Launched (Download PDF)


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Even after government taking several initiatives to eradicate illiteracy in India, 70 - 80 lakh students are still out of school. Now government is undertaking School Chalo Abhiyan from next year to enroll these 70 - 80 lakh students in the country:

Image of School Chalo Abhiyan

Image of School Chalo Abhiyan

Image of School Chalo Abhiyan

  • India has 81 per cent literacy rate from 18 % in 1947. Thomas Monroe (a British administrator) had written that in year 1810, India had 100 per cent literacy

  • Literacy is not enough, so the program will emphasize getting digital literacy to the masses. The meaning of literacy should not be limited to reading and writing, but extended to digital with rural India alone having 70 crore mobile phones

  • With this program, the Government targets 100 per cent literacy, digital and otherwise, by 2022.

Definition of Literacy

  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) defines literacy as the “ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate, compute, and use printed and written materials associated with varying contexts. Literacy involves a continuum of learning in enabling individuals to achieve their goals, to develop their knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in their community and wider society. ”

  • The National Literacy Mission defines literacy as “acquiring the skills of reading, writing, and arithmetic and the ability to apply them to one’s day-to-day life. ”

    • Self-reliance in 3 R’s

    • Awareness of the causes of deprivation and the ability to move towards amelioration of their condition by participating in the process of development,

    • Acquiring skills to improve economic status and general well being

    • Imbibing values such as national integration, conservation of environment, women’s equality, observance of small family norms.

  • The working definition of literacy in the Indian census since 1991:

    • Literacy rate: The total percentage of the population of an area at a particular time aged seven years or above who can read and write with understanding. Here the denominator is the population aged seven years or more.

    • Crude literacy rate: The total percentage of the people of an area at a particular time who can read and write with understanding, taking the total population of the area (including below seven years of age) as the denominator.

  • Thus,

    • Crude literacy rate = number of literate person divided by total population multiplied by 100

    • Effective literacy rate (or literacy rate) = number of literate persons aged 7 or above divided by population aged 7 and above multiplied by 100

- Published/Last Modified on: September 26, 2017


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