Scientists Discover First Natural Human Antibodies Against Ebola Virus (Download PDF)

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A team of scientists from the United States of America discovered a possible cure for Ebola viruses. They have discovered the first natural human antibodies that are capable of neutralizing and protecting animals against all three major disease-causing Ebola viruses.

Image of the Ebola virus

Image of the Ebola Virus

Image of the Ebola virus

Highlights:

  • The findings could lead to the discovery of first effective ebolavirus therapies and vaccines.
  • Scientists have discovered the broadly neutralizing antibodies from the blood of a survivor of the 2013 - 16 Ebola outbreaks in Western Africa.
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission
  • Caused more than 11, 000 deaths and infected over 29, 000 people.
  • The blood was found to contain remarkable antibodies that block not just one strain of Ebola from infecting animal cells, but all five known strains –

    • Zaire
    • Bundibugyo
    • Sudan
    • Reston
    • Tai Forest
  • Ebolaviruses infections are usually severe and often fatal.
  • There are no vaccines or treatments approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration for these viruses
  • Monoclonal antibodies, which bind to and neutralize specific pathogens and toxins, have emerged as one of the most promising treatments for Ebola patients.

Ebola Virus:

  • Ebola is a serious and deadly virus transmitted by animals and humans
  • It was initially detected in 1976 in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Researchers named the disease after the Ebola River.
  • Ebola virus has been present for more than 35 years
Image of the Ebola virus typical path

Image of the Ebola Virus Typical Path

Image of the Ebola virus typical path

Symptoms of Ebola

Image of the Symptoms of Ebola

Image of the Symptoms of Ebola

Image of the Symptoms of Ebola

Risk Factors and Transmission

Image of the Risk Factors and Transmission

Image of the Risk Factors and Transmission

Image of the Risk Factors and Transmission

Precautions to Protect Against Ebola

  • Avoiding contact with blood and body fluids
  • Practicing careful hand hygiene, including washing hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • Refraining from engaging in burial rituals that involve handling the body of a person who died from Ebola
  • Wearing protective clothing around wildlife
  • Refraining from handling items a person with Ebola has handled (this includes clothing, bedding, needles, or medical equipment)

- Published/Last Modified on: May 26, 2017

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