Second Addendum on Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade between India and Bangladesh (Download PDF)

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Second Addendum on Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade between India and Bangladesh

  • The Inland Water Transit Protocol was signed in 1972 (right after Bangladesh՚s Independence) .
  • It reflects the history and friendship shared by India and Bangladesh.
  • In 2015, it was renewed with the provision of its automatic renewal after a period of five years.
  • To make the protocol effective, there is institutional arrangements for the Standing Committee on the protocol and the Shipping secretary level talks.


  • During meetings between the two countries (October 2018 in New Delhi and December 2019 in Dhaka) , various decisions were taken regarding
    • Extension of protocol routes
    • Inclusion of new routes
    • Declaration new Ports of Call to facilitate trade between India and Bangladesh.
  • The number of routes under IBP (Indo Bangladesh protocol) has increased from 8 to 10 along with addition of new locations to the existing routes.
  • To improve the connectivity of Tripura and adjoining states having Indian Bangladesh՚s economic centres, the Sonamura-Daudkhandi stretch of Gumti River has been included as IBP route number 9 and 10. The inclusion of this route will help the hinterland of both the countries.
  • Rajshahi-Dhulian- Rajshahi route operationalization and its extension up to Aricha (270 km) will augment the Bangladesh՚s infrastructure and help in reducing transportation cost of stone chips/aggregate. It will also help in decongesting the Land Custom Stations on both sides.
  • Kolaghat in India has been added in –
    • Routes (1) and (2) - Kolkata-Shilghat-Kolkata
    • Routes- (3) and (4) - Kolkata-Karim Ganj-Kolkata
  • Ghoral in Bangladesh has been added in-
    • Routes (3) and (4) - Kolkata-Karim Ganj-Kolkata
    • Routes (7) and (8) - Karim Ganj-Shilghat-Karim Ganj
  • The routes (3) , (4) , (7) and (8) have been extended up to Badarpur in India.
  • Presently, under the protocol there are six Ports of Call.
  • 5 more Ports of Call along with 2 extended Ports of Call have been added to the Protocol.
  • The connectivity to Meghalaya, Assam and Bhutan will be provided by inclusion of Jogighopa (India) and Bahadurabad (Bangladesh) as new Ports of Call.
  • In Jogighopa, establishment of a Multimodal Logistics Park is also proposed.
  • The new ports of call will stimulate the economic development of new locations and their hinterland and also facilitate loading-unloading of cargo transported on the Indo Bangladesh Transport route.
  • Both countries have also agreed for the use of shallow draft mechanized vessels for trade between Chilmari (Bangladesh) and Dhubri (India) .
  • Inland vessels of both the countries can play on the designated protocol route. They can also dock at Ports of Call in each country notified for loading/unloading of cargo.
  • The trade between India and Bangladesh will be made more reliable, improved and cost effective after these modifications.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 4, 2020

Economy, International Relations/Organizations

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