Single Database for Ground Water (Important) (Download PDF)

()

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 203.79 K)

National Hydrology Project is an on-going pan India project being implemented by the Ministry of Water Resources, RD & GR with the World Bank assistance. The project envisages to cover the entire country as the earlier hydrology projects covered only 13 States.

Map of Single Database for Ground Water

Map of Single Database for Ground Water

Map of Single Database for Ground Water

  • It aims for:

    • Modernization of the water resources

    • Data collection

    • Modern monitoring infrastructure

  • Central Ground Water Board is generating and collecting data relating to

  • ground water level

  • quality

  • resource

  • litholog borewell

  • State Governments are also collecting the data pertaining to ground water resources

The data is available on a web based Water Resources Information System (WRIS) (www.india-wris-nrsc.gov.in).

What is WRIS?

  • WRIS was developed by MoWR, RD & GR, in collaboration with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Department of Space, and Government of India.

  • WRIS aims as a ‘Single Window’ solution for comprehensive, authoritative and consistent data & information of India’s water resources

  • It also gives information about allied natural resources in a standardized national GIS framework with tools to for data:

  • search

  • access

  • visualization

  • understanding

  • analyis

WRIS Web-GIS Has

  • 12 major info systems

  • 36 sub info systems including 95 layers.

They Are Classified under 5 Major Groups

  1. Watershed atlas

  2. Administrative layers

  3. Water resources projects

  4. Thematic layers

  5. Environmental data.

What Are the Layers Developed?

The main layers developed under India-WRIS are

  • Basin

  • Sub Basin

  • Watershed

  • River

  • water-body

  • urban and rural population extents

  • Dams

  • Barrage/weir/anicut

  • Canals

  • command boundaries

Other Facts About WRIS

  • The India-WRIS WebGIS has special modules for live telemetry data and reservoir module with daily level and storage data of reservoirs.

  • Automatic map generation and automatic report generation Module can cater the need of area specific maps and reports.

  • Customized maps can be generated using create your WRIS Module. India-WRIS Web-GIS has all the map viewing and other capabilities including saving/printing facilities.

What is NHP?

  • The NHP (Natural Hydrology Projecct) will help in gathering Hydro-meteorological data which will be stored and analysed on a real time basis

  • The data collected can be seamlessly accessed by any user at the State/District/village level.

How Will NHP Help?

The NHP will result in the improvement of:

  1. Data storage, exchange, analysis and dissemination through National Water Informatics Centre.

  2. Lead time in flood forecast from 1 day to at least 3 days

  3. Mapping of flood inundation areas for use by the disaster management authorities

  4. Assessment of surface and ground water resources in a river basin for better planning & allocation.

  5. Reservoir operations through seasonal yield forecast, drought management, SCADA systems, etc.

  6. Design of SW & GW structures, hydropower units, interlinking of rivers, Smart Cities.

  7. Fulfilling the objectives of Digital India.

  8. People Centric approach:

What is CGB?

  • Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) is a subordinate office of the Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India.

  • It is the National Apex Agency entrusted with the responsibilities of providing scientific inputs for management, exploration, monitoring, assessment, augmentation and regulation of ground water resources of the country

  • Central Ground Water Board is a multi-disciplinary scientific organization consisting of

  • Hydrogeologists

  • Geophysicist

  • Chemists

  • Hydrologists

  • Hydrometeorologists

  • Engineers

- Published/Last Modified on: February 22, 2018

Environment/Ecology, Govt. Schemes/Projects

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.