Smart Agriculture: (Kurukshetra September 2020) (Download PDF)

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Smart Agriculture

  • Increase agricultural production by 2050 to 60 % to satisfy expected demands of food and fuel
  • Use GIS, GPS, and remote sensing for precision agriculture
  • Innovations: precision in seed sowing (correct depth and appropriate distance) – combine geo map and sensor data for quality, density, and moisture
  • Precision in nutrient management – systematic approach for feeding crops – synergy between nutrient demand and supply
  • Smart fertilizers on micro-organisms and nanomaterials (reduce phosphate to 1 ⁄ 4th and increase yield by 10 %) , raise income by 10 % , bio stimulants have hormonal effect on plants
  • Leaf colour chart – indicator of nitrogen in plants by International rice Research Institute in Philippines – simple and easy and can save 10 - 15 % nitrogen
  • NDVI sensors – need based nitrogen application based on Normalized Difference Vegetation Index
  • SPAD value – Soil Plant Analysis Development – simple portable tool to monitor nitrogen status to improve timing of topdressing of rice
  • Nutrient expert – decision support system software to improve crop yield
  • Urea Deep Placement – climate smart solution for rice systems developed by International Fertilizer development Centre – urea is made in briquettes of 1 to 3 grams that are placed 7 to 10 cm soil depth after paddy is transplanted – this decrease nitrogen loss by 40 % and increase urea efficiency by 50 % .
  • Automation agricultural system which are IoT enabled sensors
  • On farm reservoir for rainfed agriculture in future
  • New generation herbicides like imazethapyr, fenoxaprop-p-ethyl, cyhalofop butyl, quizalofop ethyl and clodinafop-propargyl in pulses and oilseeds; tembotrione in maize, pyrazosulfuron ethyl, metsulfuron methyl in rice; clodinafop + metsulfuron methyl in wheat are found very effective to control both broad leaved and grassy weeds.
  • Herbicide resistant crops: genetically modified crops engineered to resist broad spectrum herbicides -83 % total GM cropped area
  • Laser Land Levelling for direct seeded and transplanted rice and save 20 - 25 % irrigation water
  • Raised bed planting saves water by 30 - 40 % and save crop from excess moisture
  • Integrated Farming Systems – ensure profit and income, ecologically renewable, socially acceptable, minimise negative impact and preserve environment.

Overview

Sustainable Crop Production
Smart Agriculture

- Published/Last Modified on: December 24, 2020

Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Kurukshetra

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