Smart Villages: Drivers of Inclusive Growth (Kurukshetra November 2020) (Download PDF)

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Smart Villages: Drivers of Inclusive Growth

  • Vision of New India 2022, an India free from poverty and corruption rests largely on the growth and development of rural India.
  • Smart village initiatives envisage holistic and integrated development of villages in multiple areas health, livelihood, and community development and so on.
  • Also envisages bundle of services delivered to its residents through community participatory approach.
Smart Villages: Drivers of Inclusive Growth

Central Govt. Schemes Implemented by Various Ministries

To bring transformative changes in our villages.

  • Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA) to link the Higher Education Institutions with a set of at least (5) villages.
  • Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana where in people have access to various basic services so that the minimum needs of all the sections of the society are fully met and the disparities are reduced to a minimum.
  • Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission (SPMRM) to deliver integrated project-based infrastructure in the rural areas.
  • Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) for developing the socio-economic and physical infrastructure of the villages each by 2019 and a total of eight villages each by 2024.

Good Cases of Smart Village

  • Mawlynnong (Meghalaya-Asia՚s cleanest village)
  • Ralegan Siddhi and Hiware Bazar (Maharashtra-Environmental Conservation and irrigation system and water conservation program)
  • Chhotkei village in Angul district (Odisha-micro grid, solar power)
  • Mori village in East Godavari district (Andhra Pradesh-fully digital with internet and wifi)
  • Nandangram in Itahar administrative block in Uttar Dinajpur district (West Bengal-ICT equipped schools)
  • Punsari Gram Panchayat (Gujarat-W-fi facility in the village, installation of CCTV in several places of the villages)
  • Hazipalli Gram Panchayat (Telangana-ODF, Solid Waste Management, Underground Drainages and zero mosquitos) .

Intervention Areas and Monitorable Indicators

Food, Health, Nutrition, and Sanitation

Indicators relating to access to safe drinking water, electricity, toilet facilities and other basic items which will be mandatory; birth and death registration, access to primary and secondary healthcare facilities, incidence of under-mal-nourishment, anemia, use of sanitary napkin, open defecation etc. and online service delivery.

Education, Skill, and Training

School (higher education) enrolment, coverage under RTE, access to computers and IT education, access to vocational training, AWC with minimum infrastructures (building and play school items) , availability of school playground.

Livelihood Avenues and Economic Development

Access to food availability, working of PDS, families under the ambit of SHG, families under the ambit of formal financial institutions, innovative methods of cultivation such as organic farming, rain water harvesting, alternative cropping patterns, innovations to improve agricultural productivity, non-farm employment opportunities, preservation of traditional crafts, rural tourism/homestay, etc.

Environment, Climate Change and Common Property Resources

Conservation of rainwater, recycling of used water, recycling of plastics, use of electric-saving electrical appliances, use of renewable energy, plantation of trees, innovation to reduce carbon foot print, solid & liquid waste management etc.

Infrastructure, Governance, and Social Progress

Access to good roads, availability of regular transport facilities, participation of people and community mobilization, number of gram Sabha՚s, women՚s participation in gram Sabha՚s, absence of untouchability, child marriage, domestic violence, litigation, and conflicts; abolition of caste system and related mal practices, celebration of festivals, cultural participation, artistic skills, community relationship, safety, spirituality, and life satisfaction.

Providing Continuous Training and Capacity Development

For each rural and Panchayati raj functionaries in the village institutions.

  • Leadership and self-development
  • Continuous self-learning and skilling up in their core roles.
  • Awareness of policies, procedures to make them enabled to their jobs better.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 15, 2021

Economy, Health, Environment/Ecology, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects

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