Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011- Revision of Cost (Download PDF)


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The SECC -2011 project was concluded on 31.3. 2016. With Government, spending a large sum of money on poverty alleviation and welfare programmes in rural and urban areas SECC paves the way for better targeting of the poor and evidence based targeted intervention.

Key Findings of Socio Economic and Caste Census

Key Findings of Socio Economic and Caste Census

Key Findings of Socio Economic and Caste Census

  • SECC ranks households based on their socio economic status.
  • Provides names and number of families in each Panchayat with status on seven deprivation parameters.
  • Provides for programme specific priority list suiting programme objective
  • Before the availability of SECC data, correct identification of eligible beneficiaries was a major challenge.
  • Bias in BPL list affected coverage of poorest of the poor
  • SECC data based on information furnished by households providing authentic information for identifying beneficiaries under various schemes run by Ministry of Rural Development and other Departments.

Process of Ranking BPL Households

Ranking of households done through a three-step process

  • 13 exclusion parameters for identifying not-poor households
  • 5 automatic inclusion parameters for identifying poorest of the poor
  • 7 Deprivation Criteria for identifying poor households

Applications and Usefulness

  • Ministry of Rural Development provides priority list for Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojna-Gramin (PMAY-G) and Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana - National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) based on SECC data
  • States to use this process, SECC data and its TIN number of households for identification of poor under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY), Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G) to bring transparency in selection of beneficiaries.
  • This together with DBT is expected to have maximal impact on governance and accountability


  • Before the availability of SECC -21011 Below Poverty Line (BPL) list prepared in 2002, by States/UTs used
  • The Ministry of Rural Development provided financial and technical support to the States/UTs for conducting Socio Economic and Caste Census-2011 (SECC-2011).
  • States generated a large number of socio and economic indicators for ranking of each rural household across the country

- Published/Last Modified on: August 9, 2017


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