Steps Taken by Union Government for Promotion of Bamboo: India’S Top Bamboo (Important) (Download PDF)


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In a meeting with the representatives of International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation (INBAR), held in New Delhi, the Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Science & Technology and Earth Sciences, said that India has the potential to become a significant player in international bamboo export.

Image of 2015 - 2030 INBAR Strategy

Image of 2015 - 2030 INBAR Strategy

Image of 2015 - 2030 INBAR Strategy

The steps taken by the Government to develop the bamboo sector to address various issues such as livelihood, climate change mitigation and land degradation are

  • The landmark initiative of the Government of promulgating the Indian Forest (Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 to exempt bamboo grown in non-forest areas from definition of tree, thereby dispensing with the requirement of felling/transit permit for its economic use.

  • Restructured National Bamboo Mission was launched with an outlay of Rs. 1290 crore to promote bamboo sector in a holistic manner. Bamboo was termed as ‘Green Gold’.

  • Capacity-building and training programmes to be organized for artisans for making value added products from bamboo


  • The International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR) is an independent intergovernmental organization established in 1997 to develop and promote innovative solutions to poverty and environmental sustainability using bamboo and rattan.

  • INBAR is a member of Association of International Research and Development Centers for Agriculture (AIRCA).

  • INBAR currently has 42 member countries. INBAR’s supreme governing body is the Council of representatives of its member countries, which meets biennially.

Bamboo and Ratan

  • Bamboo and rattan offer a unique suite of characteristics that place it at the forefront of natural resources that can develop lives and livelihoods.
  • Rattan is a component of tropical forests and is rarely cultivated. Cultivation of bamboo is highly desirable as it increases yield and quality of the poles and shoots harvested.

Advantages of Bamboo Harvesting

  • Bamboo establishes rapidly after planting – the first harvest of culms comes within five years.

  • Minimal investment is required to establish a plantation and plants yield for many decades

  • Bamboos can be grown on peripheral or non-cropping land – growing bamboo need not interfere with food-cropping, and represents real increase in income and food security

  • Bamboos can be intercropped – shallow rooted food or cash crops are ideal, such as ginger, turmeric, and mushrooms

  • Growing bamboo builds on farmers’ inherent plant cultivation skills, and increases their capacity to absorb or adapt to livelihood changes and disruptions

Bamboo as a Raw Material

  • Bamboo and rattan processing exists in many societies – processing of new products can build on existing skills and is more likely to be chosen by stakeholders than an entirely new technology

  • There are a multitude of different products that can be made from bamboo and rattan – giving producers a wide range of options, and increasing their flexibility in times of market stress

  • Many processing stages may be involved, depending on the product – this creates an opportunity for value addition at each point of transfer of ownership of the semi-finished products, forming a value chain from production to sale and end use

  • Products may require high or low levels of skill to produce, or a combination of both – some products are inherent skills dependent (such as woven articles) whereas others require skilled or semi-skilled inputs at only some stages of production.

  • All bamboo processing activities are equally suitable for men and women, but in some societies growing and harvesting bamboo is seen as man’s work. Harvesting rattan requires physical strength, and is also done by men

  • Bamboo and rattan can be processed at home and in spare time – and thus money earned in this way is real additional income

Bamboo and Ratan as Commodity

  • Intermediate products can command good prices within the production chain

  • Skilled inputs greatly increase the value of the raw material – activities such as colouring, fine splitting, and weaving impart much value to the bamboo

  • Bamboo and rattan products have low and high-value markets

Key Facts

  • India to participate at the Global Bamboo and Rattan Congress (BARC 2018) in Beijing from June 25 - 27, 2018.

  • The northeast part of India grows 67 % of India’s bamboo. The strategic importance of this mission cannot be undermined.

- Published/Last Modified on: June 25, 2018

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