Steps to Reduce Depletion of Groundwater Resources (Download PDF)

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The National Water Policy (2012) formulated advocates conservation, promotion and protection of water and highlights the need for augmenting the availability of water through rain water harvesting, direct use of rainfall and other management measures.

Hydrogeological Map of India

Policy and Measures Taken by Government

  • Model Bill forwarded to all the States and UTs to enact suitable groundwater legislation for its regulation and development, which includes provision of rainwater harvesting.
  • 15 States and UTs have adopted and implemented ground water legislation on the lines of Model bill Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) constituted under “The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986” for regulating and controlling ground water development and management.
  • CGWA has notified 162 areas for regulation of ground water.
  • CGWA has issued advisories to States and UTs to take measures to promote and adopt artificial recharge to ground water harvesting.
  • 30 States and UTs have made rainwater-harvesting mandatory by enacting laws, formulating rules, by including provisions in building byelaws, or through suitable government orders.
  • Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has prepared a conceptual document entitled “Master Plan for Artificial Recharge to Ground Water in India” during 2013, for constructing 1.11 crore rain water harvesting and artificial recharge structures to harness 85 BCM (Billion Cubic Metre) of water.
  • The Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation suggested States to adopt water conservation measures like roof top rainwater harvesting, erecting sustainability structures for water conservation etc- 10 % of
  • National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) funds provided to States to promote such activities.
  • Department of Land Resources implementing 8214 watershed development projects in 28 States covering an area of about 39.07 million ha under the Watershed Development Component (WDC) of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) for development of rainfed portions of net cultivated area and culturable wastelands. Activities include ridge area treatment, drainage line afforestation, soil and moisture conservation, rain water harvesting, horticulture, and pasture development.
  • The Ministry of Rural Development has issued ‘Mission Water Conservation Guidelines’ for scientific planning and execution of water management works using latest technology. Focus is on Planning and
  • Monitoring Framework for Natural Resource Management (NRM) under MGNREGA in convergence with Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) , Integrated Watershed Programme (IWMP) and Command Area and Water Management (CAD&WM) schemes.
  • CGWB has taken Aquifer Mapping and Management programme during XII Plan, to delineate aquifer disposition and characterization for preparation of aquifer and area specific ground water management plans
  • MoWR, RD & GR launched ‘Jal Kranti Abhiyan’ (2015 - 16 to 2017 - 18) to consolidate water conservation and management through integrated approach involving all stakeholders.
  • CGWB is organizing mass awareness programmes to promote rain water harvesting and artificial recharge to ground water

What is CGWA?

Central Ground Water Authority constituted under Section 3 (3) of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to regulate and control development and management of ground water resources.

  • Purpose of regulation and control of ground water development and management.
  • Conducts and facilitates research in ground water at its Training and Research Institute including researches to ensure safe ground water.

Powers of CGWA

  • Exercise of powers under section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986:
  • To resort to penal provisions contained in sections 15 to 21 of the said Act.
  • To regulate and control, management and development of ground water and issue necessary regulatory directions.
  • Exercise powers under section 4 of the Environment (Protection) Act for appointment of officers.

- Published/Last Modified on: August 28, 2017

Environment/Ecology

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