Summary of ISRO Missions to Moon & Mars (Download PDF)


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ISRO is preparing for Chandrayaan-2 in succession to its successful launch of Chandrayaan-1 in 2008. ISRO is all set to land its 1st lunar rover on moon by end of March 2018. CHANDRAYAAN-1: Launched from Sriharikota off East coast of India at estimated cost of USD 83 million.

  • ISRO’s 5-foot by 5-foot cube made it into lunar orbit & discovered some “magmatic water” on Moon crater.

  • Spacecraft crashed into Moon & got lost in lunar orbit in November 2008.

  • Craft had fulfilled almost 80 % of its tasks before it lost contact with ISRO.

  • Found again by NASA last year.


Image of Chandrayaan - 2 Mission Profile

Image of Chandrayaan - 2 Mission Profile

Image of Chandrayaan - 2 Mission Profile

  • India’s 2nd mission to moon, Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft, weighs approx. 3290 kg.

  • Mission is entirely original one.

  • Chandrayaan-2 will be taken to moon by Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle called GSLV-Mk II.

  • Russian company Isotope has supplied Cm-244 alpha-emitter to be installed in scientific instrument in India’s Chandrayaan-2 satellite.

  • Mission will be completed in 14 Earth days, which is just enough time for Moon to make one full orbit around our planet.

  • Whole project would cost $93 million.

  • Orbiter craft would make detailed 3D map of moon surface whereas, lander will get up-close view of moon’s crust & mantle.

Details of CHANDRAYAAN 2 Mission

  • Indigenous mission w/Orbiter, Lander & rover configuration.

  • Orbiter is to be placed in 100 km orbit around Moon.

  • After reaching 100 km lunar orbit, Lander will be separated from orbiter & it will soft land on lunar surface & deploy Rover.

  • Rover will then move around landing site.

  • Orbiter will continue to orbit around Moon & perform remote-sensing observations of lunar surface.

  • Orbiter will study Moon for its topography, elemental & mineralogical distribution & extent of subsurface water ice.

  • Lander will land on lunar surface & demonstrate ISRO’s capability for landing on Moon.

  • Rover will roll out of Lander & move around landing site.

  • Lander & rover payloads will conduct observations on elemental composition & study lunar ionosphere.

  • Total expenditure on mission is around Rs. 800 Cr

  • Chandrayaan-2 mission will expand scientific knowledge on Moon by remote-sensing from Orbiter & in-situ studies from lander/rover.

Mission to Mars:

Image of Mission to Mars

Image of Mission to Mars

Image of Mission to Mars

  • ISRO has formed study team to formulate plans to explore solar system bodies.

  • Study team has recommended future mission to Mars. Scientific proposals for payloads are selected by expert committee.

  • Experiments are on board orbiter mission around Mars (MOM-2), to address relevant scientific problems & topics.

  • Announcement of Opportunity (AO) ” is addressed to all institutions in India currently involved in planetary exploration studies/development of science instruments for space.

  • Orbiter mission will facilitate scientific community to address open science problems.

  • Principal Investigator of proposal should be

    • Able to provide necessary details of instrument which can address scientific problems

    • Capable to bring together instrument team & lead team for developing space qualified instrument.

  • Payload capability of proposed satellite is to be 100kg & 100W.

  • Apoarion of orbit is expected to be around 5000 km.

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM):

  • Launched on 5th November, 2013 from Sriharikota Range Shar, AP.

  • Using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket.

  • Successfully inserted in Mars Orbit on 24th Sept. 2014.

  • Launched at cost of $74 million. It is least expensive Mars Mission till date.

  • ISRO became 4th Space Agency to reach Mars.

  • India became 1st country to successfully reach Martian orbit in its debut attempt.

Indian Space Research Organisation

  • ISRO is space agency of GoI headquartered in Bangalore.

  • ISRO was established in 1969.

  • Vision to harness space technology for national development.

  • Objective of ISRO is to use space technology & its application to various national tasks.

- Published/Last Modified on: July 9, 2018


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