Summary of Space Science Developments from 2014 - 2017

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ISRO is the acronym for Indian Space Research Organization. ISRO is the space agency of government of India headquartered at Bangalore. Major achievements since 2014 are detailed below.


2014 - 15 Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)

  • Launched on September 24,2014
  • Made ISRO, the fourth Space agency in the world to reach Mars orbit
  • Initially designed for six months, MOM is still continuing and sending important data for scientific studies

2015 - 16 AstroSat

  • Launched on September 28,2015
  • Unique satellite providing common platform for simultaneous multi-wavelength observations of celestial sources.
  • Completed more than two years and performing.

2016 - 17 RLV-TD

  • Successfully flight-tested on May 23,2016.
  • The most technologically challenging endeavors of ISRO towards developing essential technologies for a fully reusable launch vehicle to enable low cost access to space.

2016 - 17 Scramjet

  • The first experimental mission of ISRO՚s Scramjet engine towards the realization of an Air Breathing Propulsion System was successfully conducted on August 28,2016.
  • Reusable launch vehicle together with Air Breathing propulsion system will bring down the cost of access to space far low.

Planning and Administration of ISRO


  • 3 year action plan
  • 7 year strategy
  • 15 year long term vision for Space Programme


  • Space transportation system
  • Space infrastructure
  • Space applications
  • Capacity building

International Cooperation

  • ISRO has developed Meghatropiques and SARAL satellites in cooperation with French space agency CNES
  • Currently ISRO and NASA are working jointly on NISAR (NASA ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar)

Bilateral Cooperation with Foreign Countries/Institutions in the Field of Space Science and Research Helps in

  • Analysis of data
  • Identification of key areas for future missions
  • Utilisation of space and ground based resources.

Measures to Promote Scientific Research by ISRO

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has taken several measures to promote scientific research by the Indian scientists especially the youth, which include:

  • ISRO Space Science Promotion Scheme (ISRO-SSPS) intended towards supporting and strengthening research in space science in universities.
  • ISRO՚s Sponsored Research (RESPOND) Programme involves academic institutions for joint research to meet specific requirements in area of space technology, space science, and space applications.
  • Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (lIST) , Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) , and National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (NARL) established under Department of Space encourages young researchers to undertake research in space science and technology.
  • Space Technology Cell was set up by ISRO at premiere institutions like IIT Bombay, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Madras, IISc Bangalore, and University of Pune to carry out research activities in the areas of space technology and applications.

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