Supercomputer: Param Shivay, Space, GsLV MK III (Download PDF)

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SpiNNaker machine -Spiking Neural Network Architecture is capable of completing more than 200 million actions per second. Each of its chips is having 100 million transistors. Designed and built in The University of Manchester in the UK. SpiNNaker mimics the massively parallel communication architecture of the brain.

Uses

  • Helps neuroscientists better understand how our own brain works.
  • Simulation of a region of the brain called the Basal Ganglia - an area affected in Parkinson՚s disease.
  • Massive potential for neurological breakthroughs in science such as pharmaceutical testing.
  • Power has recently been used to control a robot the spOmnibot.
  • SpOmnibot uses the SpiNNaker system to interpret real-time visual information and navigate towards certain objects while ignoring others.

Param Shivay

  • A supercomputer of 833 teraflop capacity.
  • Built at the cost of ₹ 32.5 crore under the National Super Computing Mission at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) , Banaras Hindu University (BHU) .
  • Includes 1 peta byte secondary storage.
  • Appropriate open source system.
  • PARAM 8000 was launched in 1991. Also it is India՚s first supercomputer.

Other Supercomputers in the Country

  • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology - Pratyush.
  • National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting- Mihir.
  • IISc - SERC-Cray.

Pratyush

  • An array of computers recently unveiled in India.
  • Can deliver a peak power of 6.8 petaflops.
  • The fourth fastest supercomputer in the world dedicated for weather and climate research.
  • Follows machines in Japan, USA and the United Kingdom.
  • Possible to map regions in India at a resolution of 3 km and the globe at 12 km.

Mihir

  • A High Performance Computer (HPC) System.
  • Installation at the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) .

High Performance Computing Facility (HPC)

  • Weather forecasts (Predicting extreme weather events) .
  • High resolution seasonal/extended range forecasts of active/break spells of Monsoon.
  • Ocean state forecasts like marine water quality forecasts.
  • Tsunami forecasts.
  • For various cities Air quality forecasts.

Space

  • Successful launch of GSAT-29 communication satellite on board GSLV-Mk III D2.
  • The Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikotta.
  • GSAT-29 is the 33rd communication satellite built by ISRO.
  • Multi-beam, multiband communication satellite.
  • Heaviest satellite launched from India.
  • Carries a Geo High-Resolution Camera to aid in high-resolution imaging.
  • Manoeuvred into a geostationary orbit.
  • The satellite starts working once the satellite՚s solar panels and antennae unfold.

GsLV MK III

  • The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III.
  • Heaviest launch vehicle made in India.
  • It is a three-stage heavy lift launch vehicle, weighing 640 tonnes.
  • First stage- two boosters with solid propellant.
  • Second stage- the core with liquid propellant.
  • Final stage- The cryogenic engine.

Significance

  • The GSLV-GSAT- Enhances India՚s capacity to meet its communication needs.
  • Can meet the communication demands of people in Jammu and Kashmir and the Northeast.
  • Launcher is capable of carrying payloads up to 4 tonnes to the geosynchronous transfer orbit and up to 10 tonnes to a low-earth orbit.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 17, 2020

Science/Technology

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