Swachh Bharat Mission Phase 2 (Kurukshetra January 2021)

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Swachh Bharat Mission Phase 2

  • In February 2020, Phase 2 of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen (SBM-G) was launched.
  • Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation is implementing it in mission mode from 2020 - 21 to 2024 - 25.
  • Total outlay of ₹ 1,40, 881 crore.
  • Achieving Sampoorna Swachhata by transforming the mission into a Jan Andolan.
  • Focus on the solid and liquid waste management (SLWM) .
  • Impetus to the rural economy will be provided.
  • Construction of household toilets and need based community sanitary complexes.
  • Infrastructure for solid and liquid waste management.
    • Compost pits
    • Soak pits
    • Waste stabilization ponds
    • Bio-gas plants
    • Material recovery for facilities etc.
  • Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation in June 2019 decided to make an iconic swacchata anthem.
  • Iconic was the classic of 1980՚s of unity and integrity- “Mile Sur Mera Tumhara.”
  • Rural sanitation coverage has increased from 39 % in 2014 to 100 % in 2019.
  • Over 10.2 crore toilets built across Indian districts, converting them to ODF.
  • India achieved SDG Goal for providing safe sanitation for all 11 years before the targeted year 2030.


Types of Ps

Objectives of the SBM Phase 2

ODF Plus Village

  • A village that sustains its open defecation free (ODF) status.
  • Ensures solid and liquid waste management and is visually clean.
  • Key objective of the SBM Phase II to make villages across India ODF Plus villages.
  • All households to have access to a functional toilet facility.
  • All schools, Anganwadi centers and Panchayat Ghars have access to a functional toilet with separate toilets for female and male.
  • Public places to be visually clean.
  • At least 80 % households and all public institutions have arrangements for managing biodegradable solid and liquid waste.
  • The village has a plastic segregation and collection system.
  • At least five ODF Plus IEC wall paintings per villages on five key themes of ODF sustainability, handwashing with soap, biodegradable waste management through compost pits, grey water management through soak pits and plastic waste management.

Visually Cleaned Village

  • At least 80 % of its households and all its public places have minimal litter.
  • Minimal stagnant water, and the village doesn՚t have any plastic waste dump.

Components of the SBM Phase 2

Components of the SBM Phase 2

Guiding Principles for Implementation of SBM Phase 2

  • Ensuring that no one is left behind.
  • Promotion of Reduce, Reuse and Recycle to reduce the generation of waste at source.
  • Utilization of Existing SLWM infrastructure wherever possible by rejuvenating, upgrading, and putting them in use.
  • Community assets for SLWM to be prioritized and financed.
  • Operation and maintenance to be an obligatory component of planning.
  • Encouragement of technologies with low operation and maintenance costs.
  • States will have the flexibility in deciding appropriate implementation mechanism and to choose technologies best suited to their conditions.
  • Clustering of villages for maximum economic efficiency.
  • Convergent with other schemes.
  • Creating self-sustainable revenue models/business models by encouraging private sector to leverage its expertise and resources for meeting the growing demand of SLWM.
  • Priority to villages on the bank of Ganga and other water bodies for implementation of SLWM interventions.

Planning for SBM (G) Phase 2

  • Gram Panchayat should prepare Village Action Plans for all its villages in a convergent manner.
  • SBM (G) and the Jal Jeevan Mission in a participatory manner.
  • Involving women and marginalized people.
  • Plan should be presented in the Gram Sabha and endorsement of the Gram Sabha should be obtained and recorded.
  • At the district level, each district is required to prepare a District Swachhta Plan after consolidating its Village Action Plans.
  • Date regarding the development is to be decided by the State Water and Sanitation Committee every year and uploading it on MIS once approved by the state government.
  • States and UTs are required to develop a Project Implementation Plan (PIP) and Annual Implementation Plan (AIP) every year.
  • The National Scheme Sanctioning Committee (NSSC) considers and approves the PIPs and AIPs.
  • States and UTs must develop and upload these plans on IMIS by the 1st of March every year.

Information, Education and Communication (IEC)

Phase 1 was not a toilet construction at scale programme but was a behavior change programme motivating people to build and use toilets.

Swachh Bharat Mission campaign had seen thousands of behavior change:

  • Campaigns
  • Iconic mass media campaigns
  • Participation of millions of students
  • Women
  • Teachers
  • Cadets
  • Celebrities
  • Political leaders
  • Faith leaders
  • People from all levels of society

Phase 2 aims at behavior change of the masses to adopt better sanitation and hygiene practices.

  • 5 % of the total project expenditure has been provided for IEC and Capacity Building for SBM (G) Phase 2.
  • In Phase 1 it was 8 % for the IEC.
  • Up to 2 % of the money provided would be utilized at Central level and remaining 3 % at the District and State levels.
  • Share of funds (Centre to State ratio) 60: 40, except NER/Special Category States where the sharing ration is 90: 10.
  • Other key IEC messages for ODF Plus are waste segregation and source, Menstrual Waste Management and Hygiene Promotion.

IEC՚s work during COVID-19 pandemic:

  • Hygiene promotion
  • Use of masks
  • Maintaining physical distance

Capacity Building

  • Training workshops, refresher trainings for sensitization, awareness generation and technical know-how are important.
  • Capacity of the key stakeholders at the state, district, block, and village levels is required for planning, implementing, and monitoring ODF Plus activities.

Stakeholders include members of:

  • Village Water and Sanitation Committee (VWSC)
  • Block Water and Sanitation Committee (BWSC)
  • District Water and Sanitation Mission (DWSM)
  • Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA)
  • Anganwadi
  • Self Help Groups
  • CSOs/NGOs etc.

Various aspects of ODF Plus upon which orientation and training is based:

  • Promoting behavioral change through IPC
  • Door to door visits
  • Masonry work
  • Plumbing
  • Construction of compost pits
  • Soak pits
  • Sheds
  • Other SLWM activities


  • The foot soldiers of the SBM (G) .
  • Have proved excellent motivators in bringing behavior change for construction and usage of toilets.
  • Role of these volunteers remains crucial even in Phase 2.
  • Active role with sustained engagement, capacities strengthening and sharpening.
  • Providing appropriate incentives for sustained engagement.

Institutional Arrangements

  • A National Scheme Sectioning Committee (NSSC) .
  • Chairpersonship of the Secretary.
  • DDWS for approval and revision of Project Implementation Plan (PIP) .
  • States and UTs including the Annual Implementation Plans (AIPs) .
  • State Water and Sanitation Mission at the State level.
  • The State Mission supervises the implementation of SBM (G) , prepares AIP and PIP, receives grants-in-aid, and disburses it downwards.
  • At district level, there are District Water and Sanitation Missions headed by the District Collector or CEO Zila Panchayat.
  • At blocks, there are Block Water and Sanitation Committees.
  • At Panchayat level, there is Village Water and Sanitation Committee under the Sarpanch.

Role of PRIs

  • Sanitation is included in the 11th Schedule as per the Constitution 73rd Amendment Act, 1992.
  • All institutions and committees working within the GP framework must prioritize sanitation within their programmes.
  • Each Gram Panchayat is expected to develop a village swachhata plan for each financial year.
  • Feeding it as per GPDP planning principles in the designated Plan Software as well into the SBM (G) MIS.
  • Important roles of PRIs:
    • Receiving funds
    • Subject to conformity with state arrangements
    • Contributing from their own resources for the financing of community toilets
    • SLWM infrastructure
    • Block and District level PRIs will monitor the activities of Phase 2.
  • GPs are further expected to engage with business, corporate and social organizations, and financial institutions for assets creation.
  • GP must organize and assist in organizing social audits of the SBM.

Financial Planning and Programme Funding

  • SBM (G) is a centrally sponsored scheme.
  • Fund sharing pattern between Centre and States is 90: 10 for North Eastern States, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and UT of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • 100 % from Centre for remaining UTs and in a ratio of 60: 40 for other states.
  • State Governments must release the funds to the State Swachh Bharat Mission (SSBMG) within 15 days of transfer of funds from the DDWS along with the matching state share.

Condition for release of funds from Centre:

  • Respective govt. provides the undertaking.
  • The funds earmarked under 15th Finance Commission grants for sanitation activities.
  • Being devolved to rural local bodies, SBM (G) funds will be released to the States.

Programme Funding Provisions

Programme Funding Provisions
ComponentsFinancial Assistance
Incentive for construction of IHHLs (BPLs and Identified APLs)₹ 12,000/- (including provision for water storage facility for handwashing and cleaning to maintain hygiene)
Community Sanitary Complex (CSC)₹ 3 lakh
IEC and Capacity BuildingUp to 5 % of the total funding for programmatic components (Up to 3 % to be used at State/District levels and up to 2 % at Central level)
Administrative ExpensesUp to 1 % of the total funding for programmatic components.
Revolving FundUp to 5 % pf Project outlay subject to max. ₹ 1.5 crore per district.
Flexi FundsStates can use flexi funds as per Ministry of Finance guidelines issued in this regard from time to time for innovations/technology options at the state level to meet the local needs and requirements within the overall objective of the scheme.
Programme Funding Provisions

Research and Development

  • DDWS is focusing on review of sanitation technologies, strengthening decentralized O&M and use of technology for monitoring the progress of the programme.
  • A technical committee headed by the Principal Scientific Advisor (Govt. of India level) to the Prime Minister has been set up to consult for new technologies and innovations in the sector.
  • Works to promote research and development activities for the sanitation.
  • State governments are also encouraged to establish Research and Development cells with adequate manpower and infrastructure.

Monitoring and Evaluation

  • DDWS leads the monitoring and evaluation of the SBM Phase 2.
  • Working in coordination with the States/UTs and Districts.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation has two aspects:
    • Ensuring the status of ODF Plus villages.
    • Created assets and expenditure incurred.
  • Monitoring framework should be able to identify whether adequate IEC activities have been carried out for behavior change, ODF status of the village is sustained, adequate SLWM has been ensured and the village is visibly clean.

Monitoring activities include:

  • Independent assessments
  • Periodic reviews
  • Field visits
  • Thematic consultations

Monitoring of both qualitative (outcomes) and quantitative (output) progress is provided in the operational guidelines.

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