Swadhar Greh Scheme and Juvenile Justice Act: 539 Child Care Institutions Closed on Non-Compliance (Download PDF)

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Child Care Institutions were closed on account of non-compliance of provisions of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 as found by the inspection committee during inspections.

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  • The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has been directed to conduct the social audit of all CCIs in the country. Necessary action has been initiated in this regard.

  • The Ministry had commissioned a mapping exercise to ascertain the number of Child Care Institutions (CCIs) in 2015.

As Per the Report of Mapping

  • Out of 9589 homes covered, only 3071 homes were found to be registered under the JJ Act, 2015.

  • The Ministry pursued the matter with States and Union Territories.

  • As a result, more than 8200 CCIs are registered under the JJ Act, 2015 as reported by the States in September 2018.

  • As regards women shelter homes, the provision has been made in the Swadhar Greh guidelines in 2018 that the State Government should ensure to conduct Social Audit with regards to the implementation of the Swadhar Greh Scheme.

Highlights of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015

  1. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 states that adoption of a child is final on the issuance of an adoption order by the court. The Bill provides that instead of the court, the district magistrate will issue such adoption orders.

  2. Adoption of a child is a legal process which creates a permanent legal relationship between the child and adoptive parents. Therefore, it may be questioned whether it is appropriate to vest the power to issue adoption orders with the district magistrate instead of a civil court.

  3. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2018 was introduced in Lok Sabha on August 6,2018, to empower district magistrates to issue adoption orders in order to expedite adoption proceedings

Swadhar Greh Scheme.

  • Targets the women victims of difficult circumstances who are in need of institutional support for rehabilitation so that they could lead their life with dignity.

  • The Scheme envisages providing shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security for these women.

  • Under the Scheme, Swadhar Greh will be set up in every district with capacity of 30 women with the following objectives:

  • To cater to the primary need of shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment and care of the women in distress and who are without any social and economic support.

  • To enable them to regain their emotional strength that gets hampered due to their encounter with unfortunate circumstances.

  • To provide them with legal aid and guidance to enable them to take steps for their readjustment in family/society.

  • To rehabilitate them economically and emotionally.

  • To act as a support system that understands and meets various requirements of women in distress.

  • To enable them to start their life afresh with dignity and conviction.

- Published/Last Modified on: February 28, 2019

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