TFR in India: Mission ParivarVikas- Health Ministry Launches Two New Contraceptives (Download PDF)

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The total fertility rate of India stands at 2.2 as of 2017. Majority of Indian states fertility rate has fallen well below the replacement level of 2.1. High focus districts are in 7 states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Assam.

Map of Majority of Indian States Fertility Rate

Map of Majority of Indian States Fertility Rate

Map of Majority of Indian States Fertility Rate

What is Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and Replacement Rate TFR?

  • TFR is number of children who would be born per woman (or per 1, 000 women) if she and the children pass through the childbearing years bearing children according to a current schedule of age-specific fertility rates. The TFR is calculated as: TFR = ∑ ASFR (for single year age groups)

  • TFR of 2.1 children per woman is called Replacement-level fertility - representing average number of children a woman would need to have to reproduce herself by bearing a daughter who survives to childbearing age.

  • Replacement level fertility sustained over a sufficiently long period would ensure each generation exactly replacing itself without any need for the country to balance the population

Contraceptives Antara and Chayya (Projects)

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched two new free contraceptives Antara and Chayya in 10 states (Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Haryana, West Bengal, Odisha, Delhi, and Goa) under Mission ParivarVikas- central family planning initiative.

Details of New Contraceptives Antara and Chayya

  • Antara is injectable contraceptive, effective for three months drug

  • Chayya is contraceptive pill, effective for one week.

  • These are available free in medical colleges and district hospitals in 10 states.

  • Expand the choices for country’s population to meet their family planning needs

What is Family Planning Logistics Management Information System (FP-LMIS)?

  • New software designed providing information on demand and distribution of contraceptives to health facilities and ASHAs

  • Improves supply and distribution of contraceptives

Mission ParivarVikas

  • Mission to accelerate access to high quality family planning choices based on information, reliable services, and supplies under rights-based framework.

  • Aims to bring down Total Fertility Rate (TFR) to 2.1- when population starts stabilizing by 2025.

  • Improve access to contraceptives through assured services, commodity security and high quality family planning services.

  • Utilizes RMNCH + A strategy, FPLMIS, and consumer friendly website on family planning.

  • Mission ParivarVikas being implemented in 146 high focus districts that house 44 % of country’s population, with highest TFR of 3 and more.

- Published/Last Modified on: October 16, 2017

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