Target Elimination Date for Kala-Azar, Leprosy, Measles, and Tuberculosis (Download PDF)

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The target year set by the Government to eliminate Kala-azar, Leprosy, Measles, and Tuberculosis diseases are, Kala-azar: 2017, Leprosy: 2018, Measles: 2020, and Tuberculosis: 2025

Eradicated Diseases India

Kala-Azar

  • Kala-azar is targeted for elimination by 2017 i.e.. 1 case per 10,000 population at block level. As of 2016,85 % of the endemic blocks have achieved elimination target.

Leprosy

  • Elimination of Leprosy, that is, 1 case per 10000 population at national level was achieved in 2005.
  • Short-term target of reducing Grade II disability cases to less than one million population, as per WHO document on Global Leprosy Strategy is targeted for 2020.

Measles and Rubella

  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare accepted the recommendation of Mission Steering Group for wide age group measles and rubella (MR) campaign covering children between 9 months to less than 15 years
  • Introduction of measles rubella vaccine in routine immunization will reduce morbidity and mortality due to measles and rubella.
  • As on 18th December 2017, more than 6.5 crore children have been vaccinated with MR vaccine in 13 States/UTs, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Chandigarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Uttarakhand.
Vaccines Work

Tuberculosis

  • As per the Global TB Report 2017, the incidence of TB has reduced from 217 per lakh per year in 2015 to 211 per lakh per year in 2016 and mortality has reduced from 36 per lakh per year in 2015 to 32 per lakh per year in 2016.

Steps Taken for Elimination of Kala-Azar

  • Intensification of surveillance activities for early identification of cases & prompt treatment.
  • Active case searches in all endemic villages.
  • Intensified IEC/BCC activities
  • IRS spray with Synthetic Pyrethroid on regular basis and focal spray as per guideline.
  • Hand compression pumps for quality spray introduced in 2015 in Kala-azar districts of endemic States.
  • Treatment with single day single dose Ambisome Injection to Kala-azar patient.
  • Incentive to patients for loss of wages and incentives to ASHAs.

Steps Taken for Elimination of Leprosy

  • Implementation of routine activities and all innovations introduced during 2016 - 17 viz. three pronged strategy for early case detection
    • Leprosy Case Detection Campaign (LCDC) (specific for high endemic districts)
    • Focused Leprosy Campaign (for hot spots i.e.. . , rural and urban areas where Grade II disability is detected)
    • Special plan for hard to reach areas.
  • Sparsh Leprosy Awareness Campaign for awareness, Grade II disability case investigation,
  • Post Exposure chemoprophylaxis administration to the contacts of cases detected in LCDC districts
  • ASHA based Surveillance for Leprosy Suspects (ABSULS) introduced during 2017 - 18 to enhance early case reporting.

Steps Taken for Elimination of Measles

The following measures have been taken to achieve the target of measles elimination by 2020:

  • Government of India introduced measles vaccine across the country in 1985 under the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) .
  • To further reduce the measles burden, a second dose of measles vaccine was introduced in the year 2010.
  • To increase the full immunization coverage to 90 % by December 2018 including improving measles vaccine coverage particularly in pockets with low immunization coverage, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched Intensified Mission Indradhanush on 8th October 2017.
  • Intensified Mission Indradhanush is being carried out in 173 districts and 17 urban areas across 24 states and three rounds (Oct, Nov, and Dec) have been completed.
  • An India Expert Advisory Group on Measles & Rubella (IEAG-MR) has been established to provide technical guidance on the disease elimination efforts.

Steps Taken for Elimination of Tuberculosis

The National Strategic Plan (NSP) for elimination of Tuberculosis (2017 - 25) was formulated by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. In addition to existing strategies under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) , the NSP focusses on:

  • Early diagnosis of all the TB patients, prompt treatment with quality assured drugs and treatment regimens.
  • Suitable patient support systems to promote adherence.
  • Engaging with the patients seeking care in the private sector.
  • Prevention strategies including active case finding
  • Contact tracing in high risk and vulnerable population
  • Airborne infection control.

- Published/Last Modified on: January 9, 2018

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