Thailand: First Asian Country to Eliminate Mother to Child HIV (Download PDF)


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Thailand has become the first Asian country to eliminate mother-to-child HIV transmission as resent report of the World Health Organization (WHO) so in this regard; Health Minister of Thailand was honored with the certificate of validation during a ceremony at United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS in New York.

  • Currently, Thailand has less than 2 % ratio of the mother-to-child transmission of HIV and all pregnant women living with HIV have access to antiretroviral (ARV) therapy to ease transmission of virus from mother to child during pregnancy.
  • Under Thailand’s Universal Health Coverage framework routine selection and universal free medicine for pregnant women with HIV was vital in stopping the virus being delivered to new generations.
  • Cuba was the first and only country up to July 2015 in the world to eliminate mother-to-child transmission under the WHO’s criteria back.
  • 15 - 45 % probabilities of mother-to-child transmission of HIV to their children during pregnancy if they are untreated.
  • The risk of transmission of virus in the new born is high with the medication of antiretroviral medicines.
Transmission Routes of HIV

Transmission Routes of HIV

Transmission Routes of HIV

About HIV:

  • The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lent virus which causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • AIDS is a situation in humans in which immune system progressively gone fail which causes life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive.
  • Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is projected to be 9 to 11 years, conditional on the HIV subtype.
  • HIV Infection occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk.
  • HIV is extant as both free virus particles and virus within infected protected cells within these bodily fluids.

- Published/Last Modified on: June 9, 2016

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