The Decline of Coal Supply in India (Download PDF)

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There has been a decline of coal supply by the Coal India around 8.9 % in April-November 2019. It supplied 320 million tonnes of coal in April-November 2019. In November itself, there has been a decline in the coal to 9.9%, which is 38.8 million tonnes, the previous month it was 43.1 MT. The state-owned Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL) also dropped by 1.7 % between April-November. SCCL coal supplies in November dropped by 6.1 % which is 4.6 MT. 4.9 MT in the previous month fiscal. The state-owned Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL) was established in 1956 in the Andhra Pradesh.

The Decline of Coal Supply in India

The Decline of Coal Supply in India

The Decline of Coal Supply in India


  • Coal India Limited set a target of 600 million tons of coal production in 2019 - 2020.
  • It missed the target of 457.23 million tonnes till December.
  • Coal India Limited dispatched 53.4 million tons of coal in December 2019.
  • 82 % of a country coal output is produced by the public sector which is equivalent to 600 million tonnes of coal.
  • India is the 4th largest country in the world in coal production with 537.6 million tonnes.
  • According to government officials, the reason behind the decline in the coal supply is due to the extended monsoon.
  • As per the Ministry of Coal the state-owned firm will produce 1 billion tonnes of coal by FY 2024.

Coal Reserves in India

  • 300 billion tonnes of estimated coal reserves are present in India.
  • Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Odisha, Chhattisgarh are the major coal bearing States in the country.
Reserves in Billion tonne

Reserves in Billion Tonne

Reserves in Billion tonne

  • State-owned Coal India and its affiliates account for about 84 % of the total coal output in the country.
  • Over 61 % of electricity in India is produced from coal.
  • Coal-based steel production accounts for 7%.
  • 2 % of coal used in paper, textile, cement, sponge iron.
  • It meets 55 % of the country’s total energy demand.

- Published/Last Modified on: February 4, 2020


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