Third Partners Meeting of the Global Peatlands Initiative: Brazzaville Declaration Signed (Imp.) (Download PDF)


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The Brazzaville declaration was singed to promote better management and conservation world’s largest tropical peatlands-Cuvette Centrale region in Congo Basin from unregulated land use and prevent its drainage and degradation.

Image of Democractis Republic of Congo

Image of Democractis Republic of Congo

Image of Democractis Republic of Congo

  • The declaration was signed on the sidelines of the Third Partners Meeting of the Global Peatlands Initiative, taking place in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, on 21 - 23 March 2018.
  • The agreement noted the importance of good land use and infrastructure planning that takes the nature of peatlands into account.
  • It was signed jointly by Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Republic of Congo and Indonesia on the sidelines of Third Partners Meeting of Global Peatlands Initiative held in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo.


  • Peatlands are wetlands that contain mixture of decomposed organic material, partially submerged in layer of water, lacking oxygen.
  • They are globally important carbon store. The complex biodiversity of peatlands means they are home to variety of species. Their high carbon content makes them uniquely vulnerable to destruction if they are drained.
  • The unregulated exploitation of peatlands can potentially be detrimental to environment and to climate, as it could release carbon emissions that have been locked in for millennia.
  • The Cuvette Central region in Congo Basin is world’s largest natural tropical peatlands, which are about size of England.
  • The equivalent of three years of global greenhouse gas emissions are stored in the Congo Basin, emissions that could be released if the peatlands are degraded or the natural wetlands drained.
  • Although peatlands only cover 3 % of the land surface, they contain twice as much carbon in the peat soil as the entire biomass of the world’s forests.

Brazzaville Declaration

  • It aims to implement coordination and cooperation between different government sectors to protect the benefits provided by peatland ecosystems.
  • It recognizes the importance of the scientific breakthrough of mapping the world’s largest tropical peatland area.

Global Peatlands Initiative (GPI)

  • The Global Peatlands Initiative is an effort by leading experts and institutions to save peatlands as the world’s largest terrestrial organic carbon stock and to prevent it being emitted into the atmosphere.
  • Partners to the Initiative will work together within their respective areas of expertise to improve the conservation, restoration and sustainable management of peatlands.
  • It is an initiative who have partners are United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Wetlands International and other institutions.

- Published/Last Modified on: August 11, 2018

International Relations/Organizations, Environment/Ecology

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