Threat to Biodiversity (DTE 1-15 July 2019) (Download PDF)

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Apis Dorsata Bee

  • Largest producer of wild honey.
  • An Indian Rock Bee.
  • Dorsata are destroyed in a single day in the Bengaluru between January and June 2020.
  • Dorsata is an important pollinator.
  • The giant honey bee build nests that are exposed in lofty sites.
  • The largest species of the Apis.
  • Aggressive in nature.
  • They do not tend to hide themselves as a large number of individuals can be seen forming a protective curtain around the nest.
Different Species of Honey Bee

Need for Biodiversity Conservation

  • Recent death of a pregnant elephant in Kerala in the Palakkad district of Kerala.
  • About 30 hives housing about 10 to 30 million A Dorsata were destroyed in a single day in Bengaluru between January and June 2020.
  • Blue bull and wild pigs were declared as vermins in Bihar.
    • Their culling was allowed to protect crops from large scale damage.
    • In April 2020, the National Board of Wild Life allowed Coal India Limited (CIL) to conduct open cast mining in Dehing Patkai Elephant Reserve, Assam.
  • Hydropower and Mining Projects in Biodiversity hotspots are expected to destroy millions of animals, plants, fields and ponds.
  • Huge carbon and ecological footprints with the liberal economy of the urbanites is a far bigger threat to the biodiversity.
  • Tiger and Elephant are the first and the second species in the top hierarchy.
  • Wildlife protection Act, 1972:
    • Provides for the protection of the country՚s wild animals, birds and plant species.
    • Prohibited the hunting of endangered species.
    • To ensure environmental and ecological security.
    • The Act lays down restrictions on hunting many animal species.
    • Last amended in the year 2006.
    • An amendment bill that was introduced in 2013 was withdrawn in 2015.
Schools of Thought on Conservation

Ways to Protect and Conserve Biodiversity

  • Habitat Restoration.
  • Reducing invasive species.
  • Captive breeding and seed banks.
  • Research & Development
  • Reduce climate change.
  • Purchase sustainable products

Needs to be Done

  • The urban conservationists should be asked to practice what they preach to the farmers and forest dwellers.
  • Co-existing with the wildlife and making way for them.
  • The urban dwellers must allow the millions of bees whose old trees they uprooted to fulfil their own aspirations, to thrive in their city homes.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 3, 2020

Economy, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth

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