Tiger Census Report 2018 Released (Download PDF)

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With About 3000 tigers, India is one of the world’s largest and most secure habitats. The number of tigers in Gir Forest there has increased by 27 per cent. The report released in August 2019 highlights about the significant achievement of India in conserving wildlife. India is now home to 2,967 tigers. The last tiger audit in 2014 had counted 2,226 tigers. The tiger population has increased by more than 100 per cent from 2006 as per the latest census report.

Image shows of Tiger Census report 2018 Released

Image Shows of Tiger Census Report 2018 Released

Image shows of Tiger Census report 2018 Released

Conservation and Tiger Census Need

  • The conservation of tigers is important to ensure the well-being of the forest ecosystem.

  • The habitat assessment and prey estimation are the two main assessments of the tiger estimation. These numbers help in reflecting the success or failure of conservation efforts.

  • The Global Tiger Forum, an international collaboration of tiger-bearing countries, has set a goal of doubling the count of wild tigers by 2022 has been set up by the international collaboration (Global Tiger Forum) of tiger-bearing countries. India is home to more than 80 % of the world’s wild tigers and therefore it’s crucial to keep track of their numbers.

  • Herbivorous population can increase with the decline in the tiger population. This rise in herbivorous can destroy forests by feeding on trees and plants.

  • The number of tiger reserves has gone up from 28 in 2006 to 50 in 2018. Healthy increases in the population of tigers in these reserves have led to migration outside these protected areas.

  • The conservation of Tigers will also help in boosting the tourism and employment opportunities. The National Tiger Conservation Authority has entered into an agreement with five countries including China and Russia for the creation of environmentally sustainable eco-tourism infrastructure.

Reasons for increase in Tiger Population

Crushing the poaching rackets, increasing vigilance, increasing protection to the tigers, better estimation practices are some of the reasons that have resulted in increase in the Tiger Population.

Project Tiger and Important Tiger Reserves in India.

Project Tiger is a conservation programme launched in April 1973 to reduce factors that lead to the depletion of tiger habitats and to mitigate them by suitable management. Ensuring a viable tiger population for economic, scientific, cultural, aesthetic and ecological values is the major objective.

Project Tiger and Important Tiger Reserves in India

  • Project Tiger was launched by Indian government in 1973 as one of the most famous wildlife conservation project to protect diminishing population of Royal Bengal tigers of India.

  • Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is in Uttar Pradesh

  • Kanha Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh

  • Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve in M. P.

  • Satkosia Tiger Reserve in Odisha (first-ever inter-State tiger translocation project)

  • Parambikulam Tiger Reserve in Kerala

  • Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala

- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2019

International Relations/Organizations, Govt. Schemes/Projects

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