Tiger Conservation in Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam and Andhra Pradesh (Download PDF)

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The number of tigers in Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve (NSTR) in Andhra Pradesh has increased by efforts taken by Tiger Conservation Foundation (TCF). Nagarjuna-Srisailam Tiger Reserve is also the largest tiger reserve and it spreads over five districts of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. These 5 Districts are Kurnool, Guntur, Prakasam, Mahbubnagar and Nalgonda.

Nagarjuna-Srisailam Tiger Reserve

Nagarjuna-Srisailam Tiger Reserve

Nagarjuna-Srisailam Tiger Reserve

Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve

  • This tiger reserve works under the ministry of Environment and Forest.

  • Multipurpose reserve like Srisailam and Nagarjuna Sagar are located in this reserve.

  • It is situated at Nallamala hill ranges which are considered as a part of Eastern Ghats.

  • This Tiger reserve was established in 1983.

  • It is having a total area of 3,728 Km2.

  • River Krishna flows through it in North part of the reserve.

  • Chenchu tribal population is a major inhabitant in this region.

  • After the bifurcation of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh the northern part after tiger reserve falls under Telangana state is called as Amrabad Tiger Reserve.

Tiger Conservation Foundation

  • Under the Wildlife Protection Amendment Act 2006, the state government established Tiger conservation Foundation.

  • The Andhra Pradesh state government established Tiger Conservation Foundation under Wildlife Protection Act 1972.

  • TCF is a statutory body.

  • It supports to conserve the Tiger population and it facilities ecological, economic, social and cultural development. It promotes Eco tourism and provides financial, technical, social and legal support.

  • It encourages the Research, Environmental education and training.

  • At present in India, there are 41 Tiger conservation foundations.

Tiger Population in India

  • India is home to 80 % of the total World Tiger population and it is one of the biggest and most secure habitats of the tigers.

  • Tiger population in India had significantly risen from 2,226 in 2014 to 2,967 in 2018.

  • Government initiatives like ban on hunting, awareness and conservation programs had help in increase of the Tiger population.

  • Top performing States which include Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers (526) among all the states followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).

  • Chhattisgarh and Mizoram stands in worst performing states as far as Tiger population is concerned.

Tiger population in India

Tiger Population in India

Tiger population in India

Tiger Sanctuaries

  • There are 50 Tiger sanctuaries in India. Pench sanctuary of Madhya Pradesh and Periyar sanctuary in Kerala are the best in Tiger reserves in the country.

  • Mizoram’s Dampa and Rajaji reserve of Uttarakhand is the bottom in list of Tiger count.

  • Tamil Nadu’s Satyamangalam tiger reserve had improved its maximum cover, since 2014.

  • Buxa in West Bengal, Palamu in Jharkhand and Dampa in Mizoram had no Tiger population.

Global Tiger Day

  • International Tiger Day is celebrated annually on 29 July to promote the protection of natural habitat of tigers and to increase awareness about the conservation of tiger.

  • Global Tiger day came into picture since 2010 at Saint Petersburg Tiger summit in Russia. 13 Tiger range countries made a commitment to double The Tiger number by 2022.

  • India had already achieved the target set in 2010St Petersburg Declaration of doubling tiger population by 2022.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 2, 2019

Environment/Ecology

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