Kurukshetra May 2017 Comprehensive Summary / Gist: Transforming Rural India (Download PDF)

()

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 196.76 K)

Transforming Rural India Kurukshetra – May 2017. Rural India: 2011: 69 % rural, 2050: 50 % rural (expected). Dimension of Rural Poverty: Homeless, Uneducated, Asset-less, Ill health, Department of Rural Development – Rs. 1 lakh crore per year, Across all departments – Rs. 3 - 4 lakh crore per year.

Loading video

Kurukshetra May 2017 Summary: Transforming Rural India

Dr. Manishika Jain in this lecture presents the summary of Kurukshetra May 2017 edition. The edition focused on Rural India.

Transforming Rural India Kurukshetra – May 2017

Image of Transforming Rural India Kurukshetra

Image of Transforming Rural India Kurukshetra

Image of Transforming Rural India Kurukshetra

Water Conservation

  • Integrated farming system
  • Mission Convergence – MGNREGS – drought proof watershed regions on Ridge to Valley Principle
  • Mukhya Mantri Jal Swalamban Yojana to drought proof 3200 villages with 92000 conservation structure in Rajasthan
  • Dobhas – Rajasthan
  • Neeru Chettu – Andhra Pradesh – farm ponds
  • Mission Kakatiya – Telangana
  • Kapildhara dug well – Madhya Pradesh
  • Jal Yukta Shivar – Maharashtra
  • 2016 - 17: 15.47 lakh water related work completed – 5.66 lakh ponds, increase of 90 lakh hectare irrigation potential
  • National Rural Water Drinking Program – safe water to 28, 000 arsenic and fluoride affected areas

Aim by 2030 – Har Ghar Jal

  • Safe drinking water to Arsenic & fluoride affected areas by 2021 – National Water Quality Sub Mission
  • Rs 23, 000 crore central fund required
  • 2000 block with acute shortage
  • Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh & Kerala – ODF states
  • 119 districts & 1.75 lakh villages - ODF

Poverty

  • 50, 000 poverty free gram Panchayats
  • 5, 000 rural clusters
  • Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) – smart villages by 2019 (select 1 village by 2016 and 2 more by 2019 & 5 such one per year by 2024) – birth anniversary of JP Narayan (LS member within constituency & RS member within state)
  • DISHA Committee at district level – poverty free
  • Mission Antodaya – 1 crore household out of poverty & 50, 000 gram Panchayat poverty free by 2019
  • PM Ujjwala Yojana – 1.5 crore households with LPG connections in 8 months & release to 5 crore in 3 years – maximum connections in UP, West Bengal, Bihar, MP & Rajasthan

Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin

  • Promote safe sanitation
  • ODF
  • Sanitation cover increased from 42 % in 2014 to 60%

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

  • Train 5 lakh people by 2022
  • 2017 - 18: target 20, 000 people
  • 1, 500 multi-skill training institute
  • Rs. 1700 crore investment
  • National Policy for Skill Dvt. & Entrepreneurship 2015 – empower those who are left behind in mainstream education – common service centers (single window system)

Micro Credit Plan

  • Deendayal Antodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM)
  • 31 lakh women SHG & 3.6 crore women
  • Rs. 85 crore as credit in last 3 years
  • Community Resource Person
  • 30 lakh women framers supported under Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP)
  • 1/3rd of gram Panchayats reached

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Scheme (MGNRES)

  • Usually 25 - 30 lakh workers
  • 2016 - 17: 52 lakh workers
  • 88 lakh assets geotagged
  • Rs. 58, 056 crore is highest ever (centre + state)
  • Solid waste management 11000 villages of Tamil Nadu – 4 lakh magic pits for liquid waste management

Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana

  • 2016: 10, 079 villages electrified
  • In 2014: over 18, 000 villages did not get any form of electricity
  • Assam, Meghalaya, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan
  • 2018: 100 % electrification goal
  • Rs. 4814 crore increased allocation

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

  • 2011 - 14: 73.5 km/day
  • 2014 - 15: 100 km/day
  • 2016 - 17: 130 km/day
  • 2016 - 17: 47, 350 km constructed recorded highest in 7 years
  • 11, 614 habitations were provided connectivity
  • Green technologies – reduce carbon footprint – 4113.13 km constructed

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Gramin (PMAY-G)

  • Completed 32.14 lakh houses in 2016
  • 2 - 3 times high than 2011 - 2014
  • Complete 36 lakh houses under Indira Awas Yojana
  • Single Nodal Account at State to transfer funds on Awas Soft PFMS platform
  • 2017 - 18: complete 51 lakh houses
  • Brought together Skill India, Digital India, Make in India, IT/DBT Aadhar platform and PM Jan Dhan Yojana
  • Rs. 1.2 lakh in plains & Rs. 1.3 lakh in hills

Double Farmers Income

  • Rabi sowing increased 6%
  • Fertilizer increased by 9%
  • Fund for Rs. 21, 000 crore
  • Kisan credit card to 3 crore farmers
  • NABARD fund of 21, 000 crore rupees
  • BHIM to connect trade
  • Infrastructure, technology and modernization

E-NAM (National Agricultural Market)

  • Integrate 585 regulated wholesale markets or Agriculture Produce Market Committees (APMCs)
  • Electronic trading platform
  • Sell produce to highest bidder

Rurban – Gandhian Strategy

  • Open bank accounts
  • Comprehensive development
  • Perroux – economic policies of 3rd world nations centered on interest of rich nations
  • Amartya Sen: Dvt. as eco Dvt. + social justice + human rights
  • Sustainable Development – inclusive approach – Copenhagen declaration

Job Generation

  • 1 billion jobs in 10 yrs by low cost strategy in farms – raise prod. , expand irrigation, and reclaim wasteland, increase income, labour intensive crop (MS Swami Nathan)
  • Kalam: PURA – Providing Urban Facilities in Rural Areas

Agriculture

  • GDP from Agri – 19 % in 2004 - 05 to 14 % in 2013 - 14
  • Employment, investment, infrastructure, credit and technology
  • Interest Subsidy for short term credit – loan of Rs. 3 lakh per annum to 7.5 crore farmers at 7 % interest – central scheme
  • Market Intervention Scheme and Price Support Scheme
  • Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana – 2007 - 08tailored to growth of agricultural sector

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFSY)

  • New crop insurance scheme in 2016
  • Along with Unified Package Insurance Scheme & Restructured Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme
  • Premium 2 % kharif & 1.5 % for rabi & 5 % for horticulture crops
  • Farmer welfare
  • Area Based approach
  • Risk management
  • Disaster mitigation
  • SPRMR (Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission) – rural growth clusters, entrepreneurship and infrastructure amenities

Krishi Unnati Scheme

  • Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture
  • Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Census and Statistics
  • Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing
  • National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
  • National Mission on Agriculture Extension and Technology: 4 parts – Agri extension, seed planting, Agri mechanization, plant protection & quarantine

Krishi Unnati Scheme

  • Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana – 2015 – “Har Khet ko Pani” & more crop per drop
  • Pandit Deen Dayal Unnati Krishi Shiksha Yojana – in 2016 for 130 training programs on organic farming
  • Rashtriya Krishi Shiksha Diwas: 3rd December to remember 1st agri. Minister – Dr. Rajendra Prasad
  • Jai Kisan – Jai Vigyan Week – 23rd to 29th Dec – birth anniversary of Chaudhary Charan Singh & Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Pro-Poor Programs

  • Jan Dhan Yojana – for financial inclusion – started in 2014, till 2017 – 28.06 crore accounts opened – basic banking, Rupay debit card & Rupay Kisan Card
  • Aadhar: Unique Identification Authority – biometrics- 12 digit unique number
  • Mobile banking – 106.12 million transactions worth Rs. 1382.9 billion in 2017
  • JAM (Jan Dhan – Aadhar- Mobile) Trinity – by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) - possible by simple phone
  • DBT- Direct Benefit Transfer – 84 schemes & Rs. 36, 000 crore saved
  • PM Mudra Yojana – refinance micro units
  • PM Suraksha Bima Yojana – accident insurance in 2015
  • PM Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana – Life insurance in 2015
  • Atal Pension Yojana – target unorganized sector – 2015 (18 to 40 yrs) & pension after 60 years

Digital Initiatives – Public Financial Management System

  • Digital boost to MGNREGA – geotagging
  • E-Money – department of post to get 70 % post office with eMO
  • Twitter Samwad – by tweets & SMS
  • Digital Life Certificate – Jeevan Pramaan
  • Digital Locker India
  • PRAGATI – platform for public grievance redressal
  • Digidhan Mela – boost cashless payment – 14 lakh consumers & 77, 000 merchants rewarded with Rs. 226 crore – Digital Payments Lucky Grahak Yojana & Digidhan Vyapar Yojana
  • BHIM App – launched 2016 – 18 million downloads – no account number – a virtual address/mobile number/aadhar number/virtual name
  • 13 % increase in PoS machines being sold
  • DigiGAON: PM Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan to 6 crore households

Health

  • Indigenous development of anti-rotavirus vaccine
  • MAA – Mother’s Absolute Affection scheme – promote knowledge on breast feeding- early & exclusively till 6 months
  • Jo Swachh Hoga, Wahi Swasthya Hoga
  • Kayakalp Scheme – change perception of Govt Hospitals bringing cleanliness
  • Swachh Swatha Sarvatra – Cleanliness, sanitation and hygiene
  • WASH practices – Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
  • National Strategy to eliminate TB by 2025 – kills 4, 80, 000 lakh people every year
  • Eliminate Kala Azar & filariasis by 2017
  • Eliminate measles by 2020

Health

  • National Health Policy 2017 – Increase GDP to 2.5%
  • Govt spending on health in India – 30.5%
  • Only 28.7 % households have 1 member covered in health insurance
  • Increase health insurance coverage
  • Increase amount of protection from 30, 000 to 1 lakh Rupees
  • Promotive, Preventive & Curative Care – AIIMS like institutes – added 5000 PG seats
  • PM Jan Aushadi Kendra – ensure quality & reduce out of pocket medical expense
  • Jan Aushadi Kendras – high quality generic medicines – since 2008
  • PM Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan – mobilise community health workers for antenatal care – fixed service every 9th day of month – cover 3 crore pregnant women
  • Only 61.3 % child in rural India are fully immunized – Mission Indradhanush for vaccination
  • Rural area – 9.6 % diarrhea of which only half received ORS

Panchayats

  • 73rd Amendment Act under article 40
  • 29 subjects in 11th schedule
  • Subsidiarity principle: Larger and greater body should not exercise functions which can be carried out efficiently by one smaller and lesser & should support the latter.
  • Mission Panchayat Empowerment
  • 14th Finance Commission Award – complete 100 % funds to be transferred to Panchayats
  • Gram Panchayat Development Plan – Hamara gaon, Hamara Vikas
  • Bharatnet Mission – All village Panchayat being connected with cable networked broadband
  • CSC: 2 village level entrepreneur encouraged for G-G, G-C and B-C online services
  • Rural Information Highway – connectivity from village to e-services
  • Gram Udhay to Bharat Udhay Abhiyan – in 2016 on birth anniversary of Dr. BR Ambedkar – social harmony in villages
  • Empty CUP (Corruption-Unemployment-Poverty) & fill with TEA (Transparency-Entrepreneurship & Affluence)

Gender Equality

  • SDG-5 – Gender Equality
  • Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao – 2015 at Panipat
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana – 2015 – open girl child account
  • Panic button on mobile phone – started 1/Jan/2017 – all numeric phones will have panic button on key 5 or 9 & all smart phones 3 times short press of on-off button
  • Sakhi – One Stop Center Scheme for violence affected women – 2015 – aid & legal services
  • Universalization of Women helpline – 181 since 2016
  • Draft of legislation on “Trafficking of persons Bill 2016”
  • CHILDLINE – round the clock emergency helpline 1098 for children in 402 cities
  • Khoya Paya Portal -2015
  • Juvenile Justice Model Rules, 2016 – prescribe detailed child friendly procedures
  • POSCO e-box in 2016 – Protection of Child from Sexual Offence
  • PM Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan – make 6 crore rural households digitally literate

Skill India

  • India is one of the youngest nation with 54 % population below 25 years of age
  • DDU-GKY: rural youth economically independent
  • PM Kaushal Viaks Yojana – Impart skill to 1 crore people in 4 years
  • USTTAD: Upgrading Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development – 2015- Hunar Haat, Shilp Utsav with NIFT and NID
  • Nai Manzil – supported by World Bank for educational dropout from minorities (6-Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Parsis, Jains and Buddhists)
  • ASPIRE: Scheme for promotion of Innovation, Rural Industry and Entrepreneurship -2015
  • National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme – with Rs. 10, 000 crore and target to train 50 lakh apprentices
  • Stand Up India – Promote entrepreneurship from SC/ST/Women
  • Make India skill capital of the world

Electrification

  • Identified 18, 452 unelectrified villages in 1000 days by 2018
  • Bad financial health of electricity distribution companies (discoms)
  • Deendayal Upadhaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDU-GJY) – 2015 – 24x7 power supply – also by Gujarat state – old scheme was Rajeev Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana & is subsumed – feeder separation, strengthen transmission, metering, grid off distribution – improve electricity for household, agriculture, health, education, banking – total Rs. 76, 000 crore outlay
  • URJA: Urban Jyoti Abhiyaan Mobile App – customer connect with urban power
  • PM UJALA (Unnati jyoti) – supply affordable LED bulb
  • Vidyut PRAVAH – provide power availability on real time basis
  • GARV app – Grameen Vidyutikaran Android app – real time electrification for 6 lakh villages
  • 921 projects to electrify 121, 225 unelectrified villages and connection to 397.45 lakh BPL families

National Panchayati Raj Day

  • 24th April 2017
  • 2 lakh rupees to gram Panchayat for 5 years for infrastructure projects
  • Gramodhay Sankalp – quarterly magazine by Ministry of Panchayati Raj – communication between policy maker and gram Panchayats
  • Mobile app for this magazine launched
  • YouTube channel for the same
  • Awards – Deendayal Upadhyaya Panchayat Sashaktikaran Puraskar, Nanji Deshmukh Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Puraskar to Panchayati Raj Institutes and e-Panchayat Puraskar to state govt.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 21, 2017

Kurukshetra

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.