Tuberculosis Global Tuberculosis Report-2019 (Download PDF)

Doorsteptutor material for CLAT is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

World Health Organization՚s “Global Tuberculosis Report-2019” stated that the incidence of TB in India decreases from 27.4 lakh to 26.9 lakh from 2017 to 2018. Incidence of TB per lakh also decreases from 204 in 2017 to 199 in 2018. The rifampicin resistance has increased from 32 % in 2017 to 46 % in 2018. Rifampicin or rifampin is an antibiotic which is used in the treatment of various bacterial infections like tuberculosis, leprosy etc.

Tuberculosis an Infectious Disease

Tuberculosis Preview

  • TB is an airborne communicable disease and is transferred through coughing, sneezing etc.
  • It is caused by the bacillus Micro bacterium tuberculosis bacteria.
  • This bacteria grow in the high supply area of blood and oxygen. 80 % of TB affect the lungs because the supply of blood and oxygen are rich in the lungs. This type of TB is known as pulmonary TB.
  • It also affects brain, stomach, Kidneys bones and uterus. Such type of TB called extra pulmonary TB.
  • TB mainly affects the people having low immunity power.
  • The HIV infected patients are at higher risk of TB disease.
  • It also affects the people who are under nutrition.
  • Diabetes patients and smoke are also in the risk of TB.
  • TB does not show symptoms in the early stage so it is difficult to diagnose it.
  • Continuous coughing upto 2 to 3 weeks is the major symptom of TB.
  • TB can be detected with the help of sputum smear microscopy.
  • The antibiotics used in the treatment of TB are becoming ineffective.
  • BCG vaccine is used for only children and there is no TB vaccine for adults.

Global TB Report Analysis

  • According to WHO, TB is one of the top 10 health threats.
  • 1.8 billion People are getting infected by TB and 10 % of worldwide deaths are caused by it.
  • WHO launched End TB strategy of 2014 with an aim to end the Global TB epidemic and it has a target to reduce the deaths caused by TB to 95 % & cut new cases by 90 % from 2015 - 2035.
  • Out of 10 million Global TB incidence 27 % of incidence are from India.
  • Out of 1 lakh population 199 deaths are happening due to TB.
  • Indian government initiated National TB Control Program in 1962 but it couldnot work well.
  • In 1993, the WHO declared TB as a global epidemic after that; in 1997 India again initiated the Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) .

National Strategic Plan for TB Elimination (2017 - 2025)

  • India adopted National strategic plan for TB elimination in 2018. The main focus of this strategy is to eliminate TB by 2025.
  • It aims to reduce 80 % TB incidences, reduction of TB mortality by 90 % and reduce the financial burden on the TB patients.
  • Government created a NIKSHAY online portal. It provides quality anti TB drugs.
  • The government mandated to the private sectors to provide the information of TB cases which newly registered in the private hospitals to track the data of infected TB patients in India.

TB in India

  • The average time delay between infection and reporting is 4 months. Early diagnosis is the key factor to eliminate it.
  • There is no proper reporting of TB cases, out of 2.69 million cases in India 2.15 million only registered nearly, 5.4 lakh of cases are not registered due to the lack of private sector reporting.
  • Now the government mandated to the private sectors to provide the information of TB cases which newly registered in the private hospitals to track the data of infected TB patients in India.
  • People with malnutrition are more get affected and the some of the patients stopping use of the medicine. For these reasons Indian government started a strategy “Medicine till end and Nutrition till end” .
  • Bedaquine and delamanid, the drugs used in the treatment of TB are very expensive. It leads to economic burden on the TB patients.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 11, 2019

Science/Technology, Health, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth

Developed by: