US- New Sanctions Against Iran Over Ballistic Missile Program (Download PDF)

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United States imposed new economic sanctions against Iran over its ballistic missile program. US Department of Treasury targeted 16 entities and individuals from Iran. Sanctions target Iran for developing drones and military equipment, producing and maintaining boats, and procuring electronic components.

Image about Iran Nuclear Deal

Image About Iran Nuclear Deal

Image about Iran Nuclear Deal

2015 Nuclear Deal

  • Preliminary framework signed between Iran and P5 + 1 countries (United States, United Kingdom, Russia, France, China- plus Germany) and the European Union in July 2015.
  • Also called Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA) or Vienna agreement.
  • Aims to stop Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon in return for lifting international oil and financial sanctions
  • Iran agreed to give up its most advanced centrifuges and use only its oldest models.
  • Allows Iran to continue enrichment in lower quantities for civilian purposes such as power plants.
  • Iran agreed to reduce its stockpile of uranium by 98%.
  • Iran could keep 300 kg enriched uranium for the next 15 years. Get rid of extra uranium by shipping it to Russia.
  • Iran to give inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) extraordinary and robust access to Iranian nuclear facilities.
  • In exchange, global economic sanctions imposed over Iran nuclear programme were removed.
  • Sanctions related to other aspects such as ballistic-missile programme, human-rights issues, support of terrorism and were not affected.

International Relations between Iran and US

  • No formal diplomatic relations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the United States of America
  • Instead of exchanging ambassadors, Iran maintains an interests section at the Pakistani Embassy in Washington, D. C. while United States maintains a corresponding interests section at the Swiss Embassy in Tehran
  • Since December 2011, the United States has also maintained a virtual embassy online (now blocked in Iran)
  • Initially, Iran was wary of British and Russian colonial interests during The Great Game, the United States was seen as a more trustworthy foreign power
  • During World War II, Iran was invaded by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, both US allies, but relations continued to be positive after the war
  • 1979 Iranian Revolution saw dramatic reversal and disagreement between the two countries.
  • Since 1995, United States has an embargo on trade with Iran.
  • In 2015 the United States led successful negotiations for a nuclear deal (the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPOA) intended to dismantle Iran’s nuclear weapons capabilities, and when Iran complied in 2016, sanctions on Iran were lifted.

- Published/Last Modified on: August 5, 2017

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