Us President on Golan Heights (Download PDF)

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Backing Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights by the United States. Seized from Syria in 1967.


  • President of the US decided to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
  • To move the US Embassy to the city.
  • Welcomed by the Israel.
  • Offensive to Palestinians and many Arab political and religious leaders.
  • The Golan announcement- Reflects the Jerusalem decision.

Golan Heights

  • A hilly 1,200 square kilometre plateau.
  • Overlooks Lebanon and borders Jordan.
  • Claim is disputed between Israel and Syria.
  • More than 40,000 people live on the Israeli-occupied Golan.

Golan Area Contentious

  • Part of Syria until 1967.
  • Israel captured most of the area occupying it and annexing it in 1981.
  • Syria՚s effort to regain the Heights in the 1973 Middle East war was thwarted.
  • A peace agreement was signed between Israel and Syria in 1974.
  • Israel and Syria held their highest-level talks over a possible return of the Golan and a peace agreement.

Reason Behind Golan՚s Claim

  • Golan՚s water resources and naturally fertile soil.
  • Israel fears that Iran is seeking to establish itself permanently on the Syrian side of the border in order to launch attacks on Israel.
  • Syria insists that the part of the Golan held by Israel remains an occupied territory and thus demands its return.

- Published/Last Modified on: April 24, 2020

Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies

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