Union Government Enhances AFSPA in Three Districts of Arunachal Pradesh (Download PDF)

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The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) enhanced the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh. These districts are Tirap, Changlang and Longding. They have been “disturbed area” under Section 3 of the AFSPA. One of the primary reasons cited by the Centre is “extortion and threatening,” by National Socialist Council of Nagaland- “contriving to dominate areas occupied by NSCN (Khaplang).”

Location of AFSPA enhanced in three districts

Location of AFSPA Enhanced in Three Districts

Location of AFSPA enhanced in three districts

Background

  • The NSCN-IM entered into a ceasefire agreement with India in 1997 after decades of violence. It is the largest group representing the Nagas.
  • Demands a “Greater Nagalim” or a contiguous land for Nagas, across the northeastern states of Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, and Mizoram.
  • NSCN-K unilaterally invalidate the ceasefire in March 2015 but NSCN-IM continues to be in a ceasefire pact with the Union Government.
  • Earlier in August 2015, the Union Government signed a ‘framework agreement’ with NSCN-IM to find a final solution to the six-decade-old Naga issue.

Why the Provisions of AFSPA Are Necessary?

  • Necessary if part of State is handed over to the armed forces- Governor or the Central Government will notify the region to be in a “disturbed and dangerous” condition.
  • Under these circumstances, even a non-commissioned officer of the armed forces is free, on the mere suspicion of violation of the law or commission of an offence, to fire upon or otherwise use force, even causing of death, against any person.
  • He or she can also without any warrant, arrest any person, enter, and search any premises. No prosecution of anyone purporting to act under AFSPA is possible except with the previous sanction of the Government.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 10, 2016

Policy/Governance

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