Urban Transportation Policy (Current Affairs / GS 2017-18) - WW.49 (Download PDF)

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Next Week! ! Blue Economy vs. Ocean Economy: Lewis Mamfort (American urban architect) - “Building more roads to prevent congestion is like a fat man loosening his belt to prevent obesity. ”

Mr. Enrique Penelosa, the present mayor of Bogota, said, “A developed country is not where the poor use cars but where the rich use public transport. ”

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Urban Transportation Policy (Current Affairs/GS 2017 - 18) - WW. 49 (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Urban Transportation Policy along with land value capture and national Transit Oriented Development Policy.

Urban Mobility

Image of Themes of Interventions

Image of Themes of Interventions

Image of Themes of Interventions

Issues in Urban Mobility

  • Every 3rd person living in urban areas
  • 90 % global population growth occurs in cities
  • Urban sector share of GDP to increase from 66 % to 75 % in 2031
  • Urban transport account for 25 % GGHG emissions worldwide
  • Traffic congestion & productivity cost for consumers is major issue
  • Work trips account for 30 % transport
  • Share of public transport in 2011 was 30% & is reducing to 22 % by 2021
  • Informal operators like private minibus and microbus services – unsafe

Solutions

  • Metro rail as alternative
  • Non-motorized means of communication – walking and bicycle – also bring lifestyle changes
  • Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS)
  • Provides inclusive access to low income groups
  • Reduce negative externalities of pollution – car pooling
  • Clean fuels
  • PPP model - Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Singapore, Hong Kong, and London
  • Last mile connectivity
  • Integrated Landuse & Transport Planning – Transit Oriented Development - National Transit Oriented Development Policy
  • Intermodal Integration: This may include joint (transfer) stations, coordinated scheduling, joint fares, single ticket, or common mobility card and combined public information activities – integration at 3 levels (physical, operational and fare)
  • Land Value Capture policy - innovative means of financing- Issuance of bonds and financing of one corridor through land value capture (for example, Bangalore metro)

📝 Land Value Capture Policy

Private land and buildings benefit from public investments in infrastructure and policy decisions of Governments (e. g. change of land use or FSI)

Image of Land Value Capture Policy

Image of Land Value Capture Policy

Image of Land Value Capture Policy

  • Cycle in which value is created, realized and captured, and used again for project investment
  • Aims to enlighten states and UTs at local level – financial strength
  • Adopt Value Capture Finance (VCF) mechanisms – deliver fiscal autonomy and quality infrastructure

👌 Impact Fee

  • Most widely used value capture method
  • Charges assessed against new development to cover the cost of providing capital facilities needed to serve the development based on the premise that new development should pay the costs associated with growth
  • Existing people bear only improvement costs
  • It finances facility improvements - for development of roads and highway, water supply and sewerage, parks and open spaces, solid waste management
  • Levied annually usually for 20 years
Image of Scale of Intervention

Image of Scale of Intervention

Image of Scale of Intervention

📝 National Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Policy

Image of National Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Policy

Image of National Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Policy

Image of National Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Policy

  • Integrates landuse and transport with walkable communes & green spaces
  • High density mixed land use development in the influence zone of transit stations
  • Pedestrian trips to access various facilities
  • Increases accessibility of the transit stations by creating pedestrian and Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) friendly infrastructure
  • Promote public transport
  • Reduction in the private vehicle ownership, traffic and associated parking demand
  • Integrate the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) and affordable housing in the influence zone
  • Safety of women, children, senior citizen, and differently abled by amending byelaws
  • Prevent urban sprawl
  • Reduce carbon footprints
  • Categorization

Influence Zone

Image of Influence Zone

Image of Influence Zone

Image of Influence Zone

High Density Compact Development

  • Higher Floor Area Ratio (FAR) / Floor Space Index (FSI) and higher population & job density

  • Adopt green norms - rainwater harvesting and ground water recharge techniques

Mixed Use Development

  • Development and redevelopment - shopping, entertainment and public amenities such as schools, parks, playgrounds, hospitals etc.

  • Improve accessibility

Mandatory and Inclusive Housing

  • Fix a minimum percentage (30 % or higher) of allowed FAR for affordable housing (for example up to 60 sq. mt. area) in all development/redevelopment in the influence zones.

  • Housing in the influence zone should have a mix of all economic groups sections.

  • To ensure provision of EWS housing, a 10 - 15 % of built up area in the influence zone should be defined

Multimodal Integration

  • Intermediate Public Transport (IPT), Non-Motorized Transport (NMT), and feeder buses

  • Seamless physical connectivity, information integration and fare integration

  • Park and ride facilities

  • Prioritize pedestrians followed by bicycle, feeder buses, drop-off facilities and park and ride facility in the given order

Image of TOD Components

Image of TOD Components

Image of TOD Components

Other Efforts

  • Traffic calming: Reduce speed and volume

  • Managed parking

  • Value Capture Financing

  • Street vendors are the eyes of the streets - designated spaces should be created for them while designing the streets.

  • Preserve Open Spaces

  • Streets should have a natural surveillance system - mixed-use active frontage, vending zones and avoiding opaque wall, which would ensure a safe environment for pedestrians

  • Safety and Security - Influence zone should be designed to maximize natural surveillance

👌 Awards & Honors

  • Surat Municipal Corporation got Best City Bus Services Award

  • Mysuru got Best Non-Motorized Transport Award for its Public Bicycle Sharing

  • Kochi wins Best Urban Transport Initiative Award for fastest completion of its integrated Metro Rail

  • H-TRIMS of Hyderabad is Integrated Traffic Management initiative got ‘Commendable Initiative Award’ under ‘Best Intelligent Transport Project’ category

  • Chittor Won Commendable Initiative Award for Road Safety – launched “no helmet-no petrol policy” for two wheelers

  • MP: Urban Mass Transit Initiative for implementing Cluster Based Bus Transit System

  • Thiruvananthapuram - Best Performer Award in Commendable Initiative category.

  • Bhopal: Initiative for introducing Public Bicycle Sharing

  • Noida and Greater Noida: City Bus Service Project initiative

  • Andaman: Initiative for introducing Special Bus Services for women

  • Lucknow Metro Rail Project: Urban Mass Transit Initiative

Focus Areas in News (Week 49 - 2017)!

  • Net neutrality

  • Surface-to-air missile Akash

  • Who are Kapu?

  • Chandrayaan-2

  • 📝 What is International Maritime Organization and Its Main Roles? Define categories of membership of IMO.

  • Chabbar Port

  • Ockhi Cyclone strikes India 📹

Forthcoming Lectures

  • International Court of Justice

  • Urban Waste Management

  • Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code

  • NDMA Guidelines

  • Bharatmala Pariyojana

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Urban Transportation Policy (Current Affairs/GS 2017 - 18) - WW. 49 (In Hindi)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Urban Transportation Policy along with land value capture and national Transit Oriented Development Policy.

👌 implies important for Objective Questions/MCQ

📝 implies important for Subjective Questions

📹 implies covered in Videos or Upcoming Videos

- Published/Last Modified on: December 10, 2017

Policy/Governance

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.