Using Space Technology in Agriculture Sector (Download PDF)


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Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare has been actively using space technology in agricultural sector. Ministry has been funding various projects under which Indian Space Research Organization developed methodologies for Crop Production Forecasting, since early 80s.

Image of Space Technology in Agriculture

Image of Space Technology in Agriculture

Image of Space Technology in Agriculture

Mahala Nobis National Crop Forecast Centre

  • Mahala Nobis National Crop Forecast Centre was established in 2012, for operationalization of space technology developed in Indian Space Research Organization, for crop production forecasting established by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare.

  • It has another centre called Soil & Land Use Survey of India, which uses satellite data for soil resources mapping.

  • The Department is using space technology for its various programmed/areas, such as,

    • Forecasting Agricultural Output using Space, Agro-meteorology & Land-based Observations (FASAL) project,

    • Coordinated program me on Horticulture Assessment & Management using geo informatics (CHAMAN) project,

    • National Agricultural Drought Assessment & Monitoring System (NADAMS),

    • Rice-Fallow Area Mapping & intensification,

    • Geo tagging of infrastructure & assets created under Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

    • Crop Insurance.

Space Tech in Agriculture

  • The space technology helps getting fast & unbiased information about crop situation in country.

  • It provides digital data, which is amenable to various analysis. Because of its synoptic view, it provides images of whole country in very short duration.

  • This data can be used for various programs, which need information on crop type, crop area estimates, crop condition, crop damages, crop growth etc.

  • The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare had launched KISAN project during October 2015.

  • The project envisaged use of high-resolution remote sensing data for optimum crop cutting experiment planning & improving yield estimation.

  • Under this project, pilot studies were conducted in 4 districts of 4 States viz.

    • Haryana,

    • Karnataka,

    • Maharashtra

    • Madhya Pradesh.

  • Study provided many useful inputs [for smart sampling, yield estimation, optimum number of Crop Cutting Experiments (CCEs) etc. ], which were used to define Standard Operating Procedures for use of satellite data in revised guidelines of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna (PMFBY).

  • Department is also using satellite remote sensing data for monitoring agricultural situation of 29 double risk districts.


The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna (PMFBY) was introduced on 14th January 2016, in move aimed at reducing agricultural distress & farmer’s welfare without having to affect hefty hikes in Minimum Support Prices (MSP) of agricultural products prices due to Monsoon fluctuations induced risks PMFBY Scheme operates on basis of ‘Area Approach’ i. e. , Defined Areas for each notified crop for widespread calamities.

- Published/Last Modified on: June 11, 2019

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