VELA-Launched as the Fourth Scorpene Class Submarine (Download PDF)


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Vela, the fourth Scorpene class submarine being constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited for the Indian Navy. It was launched, on 06 May 2019. This event reaffirms the steps taken by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd (MDL) in the ongoing ‘Make in India’ programme, which is being actively implemented by the Department of Defence Production (MoD).

This image show in Submarine & Project 75

This Image Show in Submarine & Project 75

This image show in Submarine & Project 75

Submarine Features & Project 75

  • The Scorpene-class submarine is defined as a class of diesel-electric attack submarines jointly developed by the French Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN) and the Spanish company Navantia, and now by Naval Group.

  • It features diesel propulsion and additional air-independent propulsion (AIP).

  • It can attack using torpedoes and tube launch anti-ship missiles, whilst on surface or underwater.

  • It has superior stealth which gives it invulnerability and makes more difficult for enemy to detect it.

Project 75

  • The project 75 was first cleared in 2007.

  • The Project 75 initially was a part of 30 year submarine building plan that ends in 2030 which was later extended till 2050 to build more than 24 submarines.

  • Under this plan India was supposed to build 24 submarines, 18 conventional and 6 nuclear-powered submarines so as to counter China and Pakistan.

  • (P75) consists of the six conventional submarines construction with better sensors and weapons along with the Air Independent Propulsion System (AIP).

  • The French Firm Naval Group, Russia’s Rosoboronexport Rubin Design Bureau, Germany’s ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems along with Sweden’s Saab have already responded to help India in these Submarine development projects.

  • The Naval Group of France along with MDL will manufacture six Scorpene submarines.

  • This $3.75 billion contract was already signed in 2005.

  • Modern approach will be used where different sections are built separately.

  • Later on the assembling will be done on pontoons or floats.

  • DRDO’s Air Independent Propulsion System technology is expected to further extend the endurance.

  • The transfer of technology involves appropriate technical support by Naval Group to MDL in the field of construction, integration and tests of the submarines in India which is achieved through transfer of technical data package to MDL through information system as well as on job training to MDL’s personnel on critical technologies.

  • MDL is ready to undertake the construction of the future submarines with the successful experience and the transfer-of-technology of the Scorpene project along with the enhanced and upgraded infrastructure.

- Published/Last Modified on: July 31, 2019

Science/Technology, Defense

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