Victorian Gothic & Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai Declared as a World Heritage Property (Download PDF)

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India’s ‘Victorian Gothic & Art Deco Enables’ of Mumbai was listed on UNESCO World Heritage Sites list. This decision was taken in 42nd session of UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Bahrain’s Manama.

Image of UNESCO in Manama

Image of UNESCO in Manama

Image of UNESCO in Manama

  • After Elephanta Caves & Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Railway Station (Victoria Terminus), Victorian Gothic & Art Deco were declared as World Heritage by UNESCO, 3rd such honor was given to Mumbai.

  • Victorian Gothic Art Deco buildings in South Mumbai are included in world’s largest building chain after Miami.

  • Number of World Heritage Sites in country has increased to 37 now, of which 29 are cultural, 7 natural & mixed place.

  • All 21 countries in World Heritage Committee supported nomination that is very rare.

Details on Selection

  • World Heritage Committee declared Victorian & Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai as World Heritage Property, inscribing site on UNESCO’s World Heritage list under Criteria (ii) & (iv) as defined in UNESCO’s Operational Guidelines on 30th June, 2018.
  • Inscription makes Mumbai 2nd city in India after Ahmedabad to be inscribed on World Heritage List.
  • Decision was taken during meeting of World Heritage Committee in Manama under chair of Shaikha Haya Bint Rashed al-Khalifa of Bahrain.

Committee Inscribed 3 Other Cultural Sites on World Heritage List:

  • Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars region of Iran

  • Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region of Japan & Sansa

  • Buddhist Mountain Monasteries in Korea.

Committee Inscribed 3 Other Cultural Sites on World Heritage List:

  • Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars region of Iran

  • Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region of Japan & Sansa

  • Buddhist Mountain Monasteries in Korea.

Renaming of Site as Victorian Gothic & Art Deco Ensembles

  • India accepted renaming of ensemble as “Victorian Gothic & Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai”, as recommended by World Heritage Committee.
Image of university of mumbai as part of the victorian

Image of University of Mumbai as Part of the Victorian

Image of university of mumbai as part of the victorian

What is Victorian Gothic & Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai?

  • Ensemble comprises of 2 architectural styles - 19th century collection of Victorian structures & 20th century Art Deco buildings along sea, conjoined by historical open space of Oval Maidan.

  • This architectural ensemble represents most remarkable collection of Victorian & Art Deco buildings in world which form unique character of this urban setting, unparalleled in world.

  • 19th century Victorian buildings form part of larger Fort area situated to east of Oval Maidan.

  • These public buildings include Old Secretariat (1857 - 74), University Library & Convention Hall (1874 - 78), Bombay High Court (1878), Public Works Department Office (1872), Watson’s Hotel (1869), David Sasoon Library (1870), Elphinstone College (1888), etc.

  • Art Deco styled buildings to west of Oval Maidan were raised in early 20th century on new lands at Marine Drive & symbolised shift in expression to represent contemporary aspirations.

Image of Victorian Gothic & Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai

Image of Victorian Gothic & Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai

Image of Victorian Gothic & Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai

  • This inscription is expected to give boost to domestic & international tourism leading to increased employment generation, creation of world-class infrastructure & augmentation of sale of local handicrafts, handlooms & heritage memorabilia.

India and World Heritage Sites

  • In past 5 years, India has managed to get 7 of its sites inscribed on World Heritage List of UNESCO.
  • India stands 2nd largest in number after China in terms of number of World Heritage properties in ASPAC (Asia & Pacific) region, it is overall 6th in world.

UNESCO

  • UNESCO is abbreviation of United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization.

  • United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is component body of United Nations.

  • Its work is to promote international peace thru education, nature & social sciences, culture & communication.

  • This special institution of United Nations was formed on 16th November, 1945.

  • Its purpose is to establish peace & security w/international cooperation of education & culture, so that justice given in Charter of United Nations, rule of law, human rights & universal freedom can be established.

  • UNESCO has 195 member countries & 7 associate members are country & 2 supervisory member countries.

  • Its headquarters is in Paris (France). UNESCO’s Heritage List includes many of our country’s historic buildings & parks.

World Heritage

  • UNESCO World Heritage Sites are called special places (such as forest area, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, or city etc. ) which are selected by World Heritage Site Committee.

  • This committee supervises these sites under auspices of UNESCO.

  • Purpose of this program is to select & preserve such sites in world which are imp. for humanity in terms of world culture.

  • Financial assistance is provided by these committees to such sites in certain circumstances.

  • As of 2006, around 830 sites are declared World Heritage Sites in world, of which 644 are cultural, 24 mixed & 138 other sites.

  • Each heritage site is property of that particular country, in which site is located; But interest of international community is in fact that they will protect them for future generations & for benefit of humanity.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 7, 2018

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