Vocational Educational Across Schools in India and Skill Development-Issues and Challenges

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Education programmes designed to prepare individuals for specific occupations. Imparts niche skills along with a set of specific competencies. Integration of complex knowledge, attitudes and practical experience. Vocational education in schools is offered at the secondary (Classes 9 to 10) and higher secondary levels (Classes 11 to 12) . Vocational training is provided through higher educational institutes offering degree/diploma programmes.


  • Makes education affordable for all, educating girls for free.
  • Develops world class skilled workforce thereby strengthening higher education industry partnership.
  • Flexible education serving the student՚s need.
  • Need of Holistic education which can ensure literacy, life skills and employability.
  • Lifelong learning.

Skill Development-Issues and Challenges

  • Multi-pronged strategy providing skilled manpower to Indian industries.
  • Essential input to the success of “Make in India” .
  • To widen India՚s export base and tap global labour market.
  • Shortage of well-trained, skilled personnel.
  • As per two third employers they are not getting workers with the right skillsets.
  • Large sections of the educated workforce have little or no job skills.

Initiatives to Address Challenges

  • Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana supported by Hyderabad – based National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj.
  • Skill training in areas such as digital and financial literacy, entrepreneurship, website design, 2D and 3D design, hardware repair and farm management.
  • The government has merged the existing regulatory institutions in the skill development industry-The National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) to establish a new National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET) .
  • Setting up of a public-private partnership (PPP) by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) for the stimulation of private sector participation along the Indian Skill Development Sector.

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