Vulnerable Odisha Tribe First to Benefit from Forest Act. (Download PDF)


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Mankidia, one of the 13 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) in Odisha, were denied habitat rights inside the Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR) under the historic ‘Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act’, 2006.

Map of Simlipal National Park

Map of Simlipal National Park

Map of Simlipal National Park

The State Forest Department objected on grounds that tribals could be attacked by wild animals, especially tigers.

What is Mankidia Tribe?

  • Mankidia, is a marginalised group that critically depends on making rope with siali fibre that’s richly available in Similipal.

  • About 252 people from Mankidia tribe live in nine villages located on the fringe of Similipal.

  • The indigenous community members have no other skill that can earn them livelihood.

What is Habitat Right?

  • Habitat’ under Section 2 (h) of the FRA (Forest Rights Act) is an area comprising customary habitat and such other habitats in reserved forests and protected forests of primitive tribal groups and pre-agricultural communities and other forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes.

What is PVGTs?

  • Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG) (earlier: primitive tribal group) is a government of India classification.
  • Enables improvement in the conditions of certain communities with particularly low development indices.
  • PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups.
  • Central Government had initiated identification of PVTGs and declared 52 such groups.
  • In 1993, additional 23 groups were added to category, making it total of 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes.
  • The PVGTS are spread over 17 states and 1 UT in the country (2011 census).
  • Among 75 listed PVTG’s the highest number are found in Odisha (13), followed by Andhra Pradesh (12).

How Are the Scheduled Rribes Selected as PVGTs?

They are identified by Union Government according to following procedure.

  • The state governments or UT governments submit proposals to Union Ministry of Tribal Welfare for identification of PVTGs.

  • After ensuring the criteria is fulfilled, the Tribal Ministry Ministry selects those groups as PVGTS.

Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR)

  • Simlipal National Park is national park and a tiger reserve in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 15, 2018


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