Weather Impact and Meteorology (Download PDF)

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The cold heavier air during winters gets settled in Delhi and the air pollution starts choking in. In Delhi use of pet coke, furnace oil and even coal has been completely banned for industrial use. The Air Quality Index (AQI) is used by the government agencies to let the public know about the level of pollution at present along with the future forecasts. The Air Quality Index (AQI) also focusses upon health effects based upon the observations made within few hours or days after breathing polluted air.

Table show of Weather Impact and Meteorology

Table show of Weather Impact and Meteorology

Air Quality Index Values

Levels of Health Concern

Colors

0 - 50

Good

Green

51 - 100

Moderate

Yellow

101 - 150

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups

Orange

151 - 200

Unhealthy

Red

201 - 300

Very Unhealthy

Purple

301 - 500

Hazardous

Maroon

  • The BS VI fuels or Bharat Stage VI fuels can bring down PM in diesel cars by 80%. It contains only 10 ppm sulphur. They limit the release of air pollutants such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, particulate matter (PM) and sulphur oxides from vehicles using internal combustion engines.
  • Due to the Government’s policy of reducing differential between diesel and petrol the Diesel car sales have gone down.
Image show of BS VI, BS IV and EURO VI Fuels

Image Show of BS VI, BS IV and EURO VI Fuels

Image show of BS VI, BS IV and EURO VI Fuels

BS VI, BS IV and EURO VI Fuels

  • The extent of sulphur is the major difference between Bharat Stage IV and Bharat Stage VI norms.
  • BS-IV fuels contain 50 parts per million (ppm) sulphur, the BS-VI grade fuel only has 10 ppm sulphur.
  • The Euro 6 emission standard sets a legal requirement for a car manufacturer to average CO2 emissions below 130g/km.
  • The Euro 6 is mainly focused upon restricting diesel NOx (Nitrogen Oxides) emissions.
Image show of Cleaner Cars Only By 2020

Image Show of Cleaner Cars Only By 2020

Image show of Cleaner Cars Only By 2020

Desertification

  • Over population, Urbanisation, Developmental pressure on forests are acting as the human made catalysts causing desertification.
  • Other causes of Desertification include wind, drought and excessive rains.
  • As per the United Nations Statistics, 41 percent of Himachal Pradesh is under desertification.
  • During winters the willow saplings get eaten up by the yaks leaving the patches denuded again.
  • It is expected that almost 60 % of the world’s wheat-growing areas will face severe water scarcity by the end of the century unless climate change is mitigated.
  • Land requires a specific amount of moisture to grow wheat and paddy.
  • If Punjab keeps on sharing its water with other states the entire land area might become unproductive with the ground water level dropping every day.

Sustainable Development Goals

  • Sustainable Development Goals were adopted in 2015 as a global agenda with an aim to end poverty, protecting the planet, ensuring peace and prosperity to all the people.
  • The UNCTAD (The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) in its report published on September 26,2019 proposed that the financial mechanism should help in achieving the SDGs by creating long-sought global environmental protection fund. The poor and developing countries needs to be supported without strict policies and conditional ties.
  • The SDGs should be achieved for low and lower-middle-income developing countries till 2030.
  • There is a need to develop energy sources along with the use of power generating freshwater meeting the energy needs of the poor and developing countries. For example Djibouti or Eritrea-the poorest of the poor sub-Saharan countries-have excellent geothermal resources.
Image show of Sustainable Development Goals

Image Show of Sustainable Development Goals

Image show of Sustainable Development Goals

- Published/Last Modified on: November 15, 2019

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