What are Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups? Scheme of Development of Vulnerable Tribal Groups (Download PDF)


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Ministry of Tribal Affairs is implementing “Scheme of Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) ” for their comprehensive socioeconomic development while retaining culture and heritage.

Map of Population Scheduled Tribes

Map of Population Scheduled Tribes

Map of Population Scheduled Tribes

  • The schemes envisages habitat development approach intervening all spheres of social and economic life

  • State Governments submit proposals in Annual Conservation-Cum-Development (CCD) Plan, which are considered and approved by a Project Appraisal Committee (PAC) in the Ministry, Headed by Secretary, Tribal Affairs.

  • Approved projects get funds from the Union Government

  • Housing and habitat is most important area getting funds through special assistance under IAY (Indira Awaas Yojana) and additionally through this scheme, for gap filling and for enhancing scope of coverage.

  • While releasing funds State Government are advised to maintain traditional architectural style.

What Are Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups?

  • Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG) or primitive tribal group were defined by Dhebar Commission (1960 - 1961) within Scheduled Tribes with inequality in the rate of development.

  • Fourth Five-Year Plan defined a sub-category within Scheduled Tribes for groups with lower level of development called “Primitive tribal group”.

  • Groups that satisfied any one of the following criterion were considered as PTG:

    • Pre-agricultural system of existence- hunting and gathering

    • Zero or negative population growth

    • Extremely low level of literacy in comparison with other tribal groups

  • In Fifth Five-year plan, 52 communities were identified as being a “primitive tribal group” based on recommendations made by the respective state governments.

  • Sixth Five year plan added 20 groups and 2 more were added in the Seventh Five year plan, one more group was added in the eighth five-year plan, making a total 75 groups were identified as PTG.

  • 75th PTG group was Maram in Manipur in 1993 - 94

  • PTG has been renamed particularly vulnerable tribal group.

Approved Activities for the Scheme

  • Livelihood

  • Employment opportunities and economic development of PVTGs through agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, dairy, and skilling and vocational training

  • Education (literacy, reducing drop-out, opening residential schools in addition to SSA/RMSA)

  • Health (filling gaps for effective health service delivery beyond NHM etc. )

  • Provision of safe drinking water (gap filling where line Ministries do not provide complete/universal coverage)

  • Land distribution, land development

  • Social security

  • Housing and habitat

  • Connectivity (road and telecommunication)

  • Supply of electricity (gap filling where line Ministries do not provide complete/universal coverage)

  • Solar power, with provision of maintenance

  • Irrigation (gap filling where line Ministries do not provide complete/universal coverage)

  • Urban development

  • Culture

  • Sports including traditional and tribal games and sports

  • Innovative activity for socio-economic development of PVTGs

- Published/Last Modified on: January 4, 2018

Govt. Schemes/Projects

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