What is AIHES? HRD Ministry Releases All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE). (Download PDF)

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According to HRD Ministry, the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education has registered an increase from 24.5 % in 2015 - 16 to 25.2 % in 2016 - 17 according to latest All India Higher Education Survey (AIHES) released by HRD Ministry.

Image of higher education in India

Image of Higher Education in India

Image of higher education in India

The survey findings were based on responses of 795 universities, 34, 193 colleges, and 7, 496 standalone institutions. There are total of 864 universities, 40, 026 colleges, and 11, 669 standalone institutions in the country.

What is GER?

  • Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) is statistical measure for determining number of students enrolled in undergraduate, postgraduate, and research-level studies within country.

  • It is expressed as a percentage of population.

  • India is aiming to attain GER of 30 % by 2020, countries like China (GER = 43.39%) and US (GER = 85.8%) have a far better rate.

  • The proportion of students pursuing higher education in India has not increased dramatically from 2015 - 16 to 2016 - 17. It was in range of 23 % to 25 % since 2013 - 14.

GER Data for States?

  • Tamil Nadu has highest GER in India at 46.9%.

  • Six states have registered GER higher than national average (25.2%), with their share of students entering higher education growing twice as fast as overall rate: Tamil Nadu (46.9%), Himachal Pradesh (36.7%), Kerala (34.2%), Andhra Pradesh (32.4%), Haryana (29%), and Punjab (28.6%).

  • Eight states UP (24.9%), Madhya Pradesh (20%), Odisha (21%), Bihar (14.4%), Gujarat (20.2%), Rajasthan (20.5%), Mizoram (24.5%), and West Bengal (18.5%) have GER ratio far less than the national average.

  • Bihar has the lowest GER (14.4%).

What is AISHE?

  • To portray the status of higher education in the country, Ministry of Human Resource Development conducts an annual web-based All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) since 2010 - 11.

  • The survey covers all the Institutions in the country engaged in imparting of higher education.

  • Data is being collected on several parameters such as teachers, student enrolment, programmes, examination results, education finance, and infrastructure.

  • Indicators of educational development such as institution density, gross enrolment ratio, pupil-teacher ratio, gender parity index, per student expenditure will also be calculated from the data collected through AISHE.

What is GPI?

  • India registered its best performance on the GPI (Gender Parity Index) in last seven years — 0.94 in 2016 - 17 from 0.86 in 2010 - 11.

  • GPI is calculated as quotient of number of females by number of males enrolled.

  • In seven states — Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, J&K, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Kerala — women in higher education have outnumbered men.

What is Institution Density?

  • It is defined as number of colleges per lakh eligible population.

  • States in south India have higher institution density.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 15, 2018

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