What is Asita? Yamuna River Front Development Project

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National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has asked Delhi Development Authority (DDA) to expedite “Asita” , its Yamuna River Front Development Project. People-friendly bio-diversity zone will be created for people to interact freely w/river՚s eco-system.

Yamuna River Front Development Project

Asita

  • “Asita” is another name of river Yamuna. Asita, known as Yamuna River Front Development (RFD) project. It aims to restore, revive & rejuvenate river՚s floodplains & make them accessible to people of Delhi.

Key Features of Project

  • Special focus of project is on reviving river՚s bio-diversity in National Capital.
  • River Front “walks” , major component of project, will enable people to develop relationship w/river Yamuna.
  • Project envisages creating green buffer area approx. 300mts wide along river edge w/species of riverine ecology.
  • Besides, wide belt of 150mts along peripheral roads will be developed as greenways for public amenities that will include continuous trail of pathways & cycle tracks.
  • To revive ecosystem of floodplains, wetlands will be created to store flood waters & also to improve groundwater recharge which will eventually result in flourishing of biodiversity in floodplains.
  • Environmentally conscious approach for integration of river into urban fabric of city is adopted.

Environmental Concerns on River Yamuna

  • Yamuna was declared Dead River.
  • Dissolved oxygen level, which are crucial to life in water, is negligible. River usually flows w/heavy toxic foam on its surface & often parts of river actually catch fire. Ostensibly, in last 22 years, over ₹ 2,000 cr. is spent on clean-up of Yamuna.

Yamuna River

  • Yamuna is tributary of river Ganga.
  • It originates from Yamunotri Glacier at height of 6,387 m on south western slopes of Banderpooch peaks in uppermost region of Lower Himalayas in Uttarakhand.
  • It merges w/Ganges at Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, site for Kumbha Mela.

Yamuna Action Plan

  • GoI has sanctioned Yamuna Action Plant (YAP) -I & YAP-II schemes for river Yamuna in Delhi, Haryana & UP & YAP-III in Delhi under financial assistance from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for taking up works for sewerage/interception & diversion of drains, Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) , low cost sanitation/community toilet complexes, electric/improved wood crematoria, etc.

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