What is Assam Accord? Constitutional Safeguards Under Assam Accord (Important) (Download PDF)


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The Assam Accord (1985) was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement in 1985 paving way for the leaders to form a political party which formed the government in Assam soon after.

Constitutional Safeguards under Assam Accord

Constitutional Safeguards under Assam Accord

Constitutional Safeguards under Assam Accord

Among the most important clause was to provide constitutional, legislative, and administrative safeguards to protect, preserve, and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the indigenous communities of Assam.

Burning Issues

Accord ended the agitation but key clauses are yet to be implemented, which has kept some of the issues festering. Focus is on two major issues:

  • Detecting and deporting Bangladeshi infiltrators
  • Providing constitutional safeguards to indigenous communities of the state

Clause 6 and 7

The details of Clause 6 and 7 of the Assam Accord are as under: -

  • Clause 6: “Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, as may be appropriate, shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people. ”
  • Clause 7: “The Government take this opportunity to renew their commitment for the speedy all round economic development of Assam as to improve the standard of living of the people. Special emphasis will be placed on education and science & technology through establishment of national institutions. ”

Progress in Implementing the Accord

  • Government of Assam department ‘Implementation of Assam Accord Department’ has taken a number of steps:
  • Establishment of Srimanta Sankardeva Kalakshetra.
  • Implementation of Jyoti Chitraban Film Studio (Phase-I & Phase-II) and modernisation of Jyoti Chitraban Film Studio (Phase-III)
  • Financial assistance to 219 Satras of Assam.
  • Financial assistance provided to historical monuments for their protection, preservation and development.
  • Archaeological Survey of India has taken up the protection, preservation and development of 5 monuments.

    • Singri Temple’s ruins
    • Urvashi Archaeological Site
    • Poa-Mecca, Hajo
    • Kedar Temple, Hajo
    • Hayagriva Madhava Temple, Hajo.
  • Autonomous Institution- Anandaram Borooah Institute of Language, Art & Culture Assam (ABILAC) established with the Financial Assistance from Govt. of Assam.
  • Directorate of Higher Education to provide annual grants to Voluntary Organisations for upliftment of the Language, Art and Culture.
  • 100 Foreigners Tribunals established for the detection and deportation of illegal migrants in Assam.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2017

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