What is Australia Group? India Now a Member of Australia Group (Download PDF)

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India gained entry into the Australia Group (AG) - an important informal forum of countries which ensures that exports do not contribute to the development of chemical or biological weapons.

Map of Australia group

Map of Australia Group

Map of Australia group

How is Membership Going to Help India?

  • The membership in one of the four major export control regimes is expected to give India a leg-up in its bid to secure a berth in the 48-member Nuclear Suppliers Group’.

  • India’s bid to ‘Nuclear Suppliers Group’ has been blocked by China at the behest of Pakistan.

What is AG?

  • The group works to counter the spread of materials, equipment and technologies that could contribute to the development or acquisition of chemical and biological weapons (CBW) by states or terrorist groups

  • There was very strong support expressed for India’s membership at the 26 - 30 June 2017 Australia Group Plenary

  • China is not a member of the MTCR, the WA and the AG.

  • India formally became the 43rd member of the Australia Group (AG).

  • AG is a cooperative and voluntary group of countries

  • Works on no undercut and catch-all principles.

    What are No Undercut and Catch-All Principles?

    • According to no-undercut principle, parties to the regime should not approve licences for any items already denied by another member State to a particular target State.

    • Catchall mechanism allows Member States to control any non-sensitive item and technology not listed in the Regulation when they have reasons to believe that the use of these goods may be diverted for an illicit purpose. For instance, this will be the case when the exporter has been informed by its authorities or just ‘knows’ that a good is intended to be used in certain conditions (for a military purpose) by a country subject to an arms embargo, or when it suspects that there may be a weapon of mass destruction end-use.

    Other Key Members of the AG

    • Canada

    • Germany

    • France

    • Denmark

    • Japan

    • United Kingdom

    • United states America

    India is a Member of which Other Export control Regimes?

  • The Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)

  • The Wassenaar Arrangement (WA)

When did India Become Member of Wassernaar Arrangement?

  • Membership in the Australia Group comes months after India secured a berth in the Wassernaar Arrangement in December last year.

  • The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies is a multilateral export control regime.

    When Did India become a Member of Missile Technology Group?

  • In July 2016, India became a member of a similar export control group, Missile Technology Control Regime.

  • The membership will make purchases of high-end missile technology and state-of-the-art surveillance drones easier for India.

- Published/Last Modified on: February 14, 2018

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