What is Interceptor Missile? Indigenous Supersonic AAD Ashwin Interceptor Missile (Important)

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The interceptor missile is capable of destroying any incoming ballistic missile in low altitude. Supports advanced technology- mobile launcher, secure data link for interception, independent tracking and homing capabilities and radars.

Indigenous Supersonic AAD Ashwin Interceptor Missile

Details of the Missile

  • Advanced Air Defense (AAD) is an anti-ballistic missile designed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles in the endo-atmosphere at an altitude of 30 km.
  • Single-stage, solid-fueled missile.
  • 7.5 m tall, weighs around 1.2 long tons and diameter less than 0.5 m

Background on AAD

  • AAD has been previously tested in July 2010, March 2011, February 2012, November 2012, April 2015, November 2015, and May 2016.

Details of Test

  • Prithvi (missile) lifted off from Launch Complex III at the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur Odisha.
  • The AAD was launched when the Prithvi reached an apogee of 110 km.
  • The AAD made direct hit at altitude of 15 km at a speed of Mach 4.
  • Radars detected formation of a large number of tracks, signifying that the target had broken into multiple pieces
  • Third supersonic interceptor test carried out in year 2017 with the previous tests conducted in Feb and March.

What is Interceptor Missile?

  • Interceptor missile is an anti- ballistic missile to counter the ballistic missile like intermediate range and intercontinental ballistic missiles launched from any country.
  • A ballistic missile is used to deliver nuclear, chemical, biological, or conventional warheads in a ballistic flight trajectory.

History of Anti-Ballistic Missile

  • Development of an anti-ballistic missile system began in late 1999.
  • On 6 December 2007, AAD successfully intercepted a modified Prithvi-II missile acting as an incoming ballistic missile enemy target.

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